Phylogeographic analyses of a migratory freshwater fish ( Megalobrama terminalis ) reveal a shallow genetic structure and pronounced effects of sea-level changes
原文摘要:Different types of fish taxa generally seem to present diverse phylogeographic structures and show different responses to environmental changes. In southern China, however, a large number of phylogeographic studies have been employed for small and/or benthic fish species, while phylogeographic patterns of larger and migratory species are not well understood. In this study, we chose Megalobrama terminalis , an endemic cyprinid from Southern China with a median size and relatively high migratory potential as a candidate to explore the phylogeographic structure and to seek the relevant driving forces using a multilocus approach (two mitochondrial markers and three nuclear markers). Our results show that M. terminalis exhibits three mtDNA genetic groups, each presenting genetic structure to the local geography, but the differentiation level was much weaker than that of small and/or benthic fish species reported in earlier studies. Nuclear loci did not observe pronounced genetic group subdivision, but did examine noteworthy genetic differentiation between the Hainan Island population and the mainland populations. Divergence time estimation and demographic analyses suggest that sea-level changes associated with the Late Pleistocene glacial cycles have exerted pronounced effects on the divergence of the three groups and the expansion of M. terminalis populations. Above all, our study provides important knowledge that can be used to improve monitoring programs and develop a conservation strategy for this endemic organism.
研究要点:• We used multilocus to probe the phylogeography of Megalobrama terminalis .• Megalobrama terminalis showed geographically genetic structure.• Sea-level changes shaped the divergence and the demography of M. terminalis populations.