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作者: Kevin J. Strom>
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摘要: Sexual assault investigations present uniquely challenging circumstances to detectives, and a small proportion result in arrest. Improving sexual assault investigations requires expanding the evidence base to improve our understanding of how these investigations unfold and the factors associated with positive case outcomes, including the likelihood that an offender is arrested.,The authors abstracted data on 491 adult sexual assaults investigated by five large and midsized law enforcement agenci关键词: Sexual assault;Rape;Investigations;Law enforcement;Arrest;Evidence
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摘要: Drawing on results from a survey of 321 law enforcement agencies, we assess how labor and capital inputs, evidence policies, and other agency characteristics affect the number of sexual assault kits (SAKs) submitted to crime laboratories for testing. We examine to what extent agencies are submitting the maximum number of SAKs possible, given their available resources. Stochastic frontier models are used to analyze the productivity of labor inputs for the submission of SAKs and the extent to whic关键词: Sexual assault kits; Rape kits; Sexual assault victimization
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摘要: ABSTRACT(#br)Police departments that emphasise certain strategic models (e.g. community-oriented policing, problem-oriented policing) may adopt specific types of technology to better achieve their core missions. A contrasting theory is that police agencies do not invest strategically in technology; rather, they adopt technology in a ‘black box’ without a larger plan for how a particular technology fits within the agency’s guiding philosophy or operational goals. Despite the importance of this di关键词: Law enforcement; Technology; Policing strategy
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Nicholas J. Richardson; Kelle Barrick; Kevin J. Strom;
Criminology & Public PolicyVolume 18, Issue 1, 2019, PP 37-45
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Research Article
摘要: Purpose(#br)Violence against the police represents an ongoing and serious problem in the USA. In 2014, over 48,000 law enforcement officers assaulted while on duty. Although over one in four of these resulted in injury, little is known about the conditions under which injury is likely to occur. The purpose of this paper is to provide an assessment of the individual and situational factors that predict injurious assaults against law enforcement. (#br)Design/methodology/approach(#br)Using logistic关键词: Police; Victimology; Injuries to officers; NIBRS; Routine activities
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摘要: Objectives:This study presents an outcome evaluation of the Value-Based Therapeutic Environment model, a multipurpose, cognitive–behavioral treatment approach for juvenile offenders.;Methods:Using a quasi-experimental design, the impact of VBTE treatment on recidivism is assessed for 258 youths, relative to a matched subsample of 258 comparison subjects.;Results:Results indicate that VBTE treatment is an effective intervention for reducing violent recidivism but has no significant effect on prop关键词: Juvenile delinquency;Offender rehabilitation;Residential treatment
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Kevin J. Strom; Tara D. Warner; Lisa Tichavsky; Margaret A. Zahn;
Crime & DelinquencyVolume 60, Issue 3, 2014, PP 427-450
摘要: This study analyzed the National Incident Based Reporting System data from 2000 to 2004 to determine how domestic violence arrest policies, along with incident, offender, and victim characteristics, influence arrest outcomes in violent incidents committed by juveniles against their parents. The authors’ primary interest was to assess whether the enforcement of domestic violence arrest laws, coupled with increased police involvement in familial disputes, has contributed to the decreasing gender g关键词: juvenile delinquency; gender differences; domestic violence arrest policies; police decision making
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Research Article
Joseph L. Peterson;Matthew J. Hickman;Kevin J. Strom;Donald J. Johnson;
Journal of Forensic SciencesVolume 58, Issue 5, 2013, PP 1403-1404
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Kevin J. Strom;
The police chiefVolume 79, Issue 7, 2012, PP 10-10
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Research Article
Matthew J. Hickman; Jennifer Fricas; Kevin J. Strom; Mark W. Pope;
Police QuarterlyVolume 14, Issue 3, 2011, PP 227-250
摘要: Research on police stress has developed out of several theoretical frameworks, but the knowledge base is limited by a common reliance on self-report stress measures. This article describes an innovative approach to studying police stress that attempts to overcome some of these limitations by using direct, real-time, and spatially anchored measurement of an officer’s stress response (via heart rate) during shift work. A pilot study was conducted using a single officer to determine whether this me关键词: police stress; heart rate; measurement; mapping
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摘要: The use of forensic evidence in the criminal justice system has grown appreciably in the United States. Yet policies that dictate how state and local agencies maintain and store forensic evidence have not kept pace. This study examined the prevalence of evidence retention policies, as well as storage locations and tracking systems, in a nationally representative sample of state and local law enforcement agencies. Less than half of U.S. police departments have a policy for preserving biological e关键词: forensic science; law enforcement; forensic evidence; postconviction testing; evidence retention; storage capacity
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Kevin J. Strom; Matthew J. Hickman; Hope M. Smiley Mcdonald; Jeri D. Ropero-Miller; Peter M. Stout;
摘要: Abstract(#br)The crime laboratory has not typically been thought of as a decision stage within the criminal justice process. However, increasing reliance on forensic evidence has led to necessary discretion about what types of cases to accept, what evidence to analyze, and how to prioritize workload. This article reports the results of semi-structured interviews conducted with state and local police agencies, prosecutors, and crime laboratory personnel in ten U.S. jurisdictions. The focus is on 关键词: Forensic labs; process improvement; research; evidence; drugs
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Research Article
Kevin J. Strom; Matthew J. Hickman;
Criminology & Public PolicyVolume 9, Issue 2, 2010, PP 381-404
摘要: Research Summary(#br)This study investigated forensic evidence processing in a nationally representative sample of state and local law‐enforcement agencies (n = 3,153). For a 5‐year period, agencies reported that 14% of all unsolved homicides (an estimated 3,975 cases) and 18% of all unsolved rapes (an estimated 27,595 cases) contained forensic evidence that had not been submitted to a forensic crime laboratory for analysis. Approximately 40% of these unanalyzed homicide and rape cases were repo关键词: forensic science; evidence; backlog; law enforcement
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摘要: On July 7, 2005, terrorists carried out a series of bombings in London's underground subway system and transportation network. Fifty‐two people were killed and more than 700 were injured. The authors of this study interviewed key staff from London agencies to evaluate the response to the London attacks and analyzed the responses using the General Coordination Model defined in prior research (Eyerman and Strom, 2005). Results indicate that the London coordination regime, which is characterized by
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摘要: Victimization incidence rates produced from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are a generally accepted annual indicator of the amount and type of crime in the United States. However, persons who report a large number of similar victimizations—known as series victimizations in the NCVS—are currently excluded in 1government reports of annual violent victimizations. This paper quantifies the effect of series incident counting procedures on national estimates of violent victimization. T
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摘要: Our nation's ability to prepare for and respond to terrorism hinges on multiagency coordination. This study evaluates problems faced by law enforcement and public health agencies in multiagency response situations, drawing on rational choice theory to develop expectations about agencies' abilities to cooperate on common policy goals. Expectations are evaluated using survey data collected from law enforcement and public health officials in four countries: USA, UK, Canada, and Ireland. Results ide关键词: Interagency Coordination; Multiagency Response; Responses to Terrorism
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摘要: Explanations for the increase in youth homicide in the mid-1980s and early 1990s focus predominantly on crack cocaine markets and related firearms effects. This study examines whether weakened social controls contributed to the escalation of youth homicide, independent of drug market effects. Specifically, the authors consider how city-level changes in social and economic disadvantage contributed to increases in race-specific youth homicide victimization. They find that structural factors played关键词: homicide; youth homicide; youth violence; racial disparities; crack cocaine
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摘要: Hospital emergency department statistics represent a distinct and underutilized source for measuring nonfatal intimate violence, especially those cases that result in serious injury. This study attempts to gain an improved understanding of these types of incidents through the use of the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), a nationally representative sample of U.S. hospital emergency departments. Findings from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) intentional injury suppleme
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