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Journal
摘要: INTRODUCTION(#br) Many medical schools are moving toward integrated curricula in response to the 2010 Carnegie report. However, there is often apprehension that student performance on standard assessment metrics of medical knowledge acquisition could suffer during the transition period. Therefore, we sought to analyze the impact of curriculum redesign on the medical knowledge acquisition of the transitional cohort, as measured by NBME subject exam scores. (#br)METHODS(#br) The University of Wisc关键词: Medical schools;clinical clerkship;curriculum redesign;integrated clerkships;medical education;medical knowledge acquisition;national board of medical examiners;program evaluation;subject exam
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摘要: The internet provides up-to-date, multi-dimensional and spatial information on geographical conflicts worldwide. Internet searches can therefore be used in geography education for students to learn about geographical conflicts and to form their own opinions on them. However, previous research indicates that students lack competences in searching and evaluating digital information on geographical conflicts and also in processing the information found argumentatively. Therefore, we developed a dig关键词: Applications in subject areas;Distance education and online learning;Information literacy;Secondary education
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摘要: Background(#br) The level of activity in women who have given birth is very low despite the great benefits of exercise on their physical and mental health. There are some contradictories between the results of several preliminary studies on the effects of exercise on post-partum fatigue reduction. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of exercise on decreasing postpartum fatigue in general and, specifically, in Iran using meta-analysis. (#br)Methods(#br) In this study, the a关键词: CONSORT, Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials;Exercise;Fatigue;MESH, Medical Subject Headings;Meta-analysis;PRISMA, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis;Postpartum;Systematic review;WoS, Web of Science
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摘要: This article examines the significance of the masks worn by the protestors in Hong Kong’s 2019 political movement. The mask represents a collective political identity, but the act of wearing it is also an individual decision. The Hong Kong protestors wore masks for practical reasons – to hide their identities and to protect them from tear gas – so the mask represents the actual struggles of the protestors. But it also symbolizes the protestors as dissenting but autonomous subjects. I discuss thr关键词: Mask;social movement;identity;subject formation;Hong Kong
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摘要: This study aims to analyze how SMEs handle the disruptions caused by the Covid-19 crisis. We used a questionnaire-based survey and analysed the results based on descriptive and inferential quantitative methods. Following the processing and interpretation of the data collected, we note, the importance of the government measures in order to support SMEs to ensure the economy’s functioning as close as possible to the normal state. Limited access to liquidity, lack of strong state support, poorly pr关键词: Covid-19;small and medium enterprises;business environment;entrepreneurship;Subject classification codes: M10;L26;O5.
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摘要: Business intelligence and analytics (BI&A) research has been dominated by conceptual studies, simulations, and case studies, but as the field matures, experimentation is increasing. The use of students as surrogates for managers in experiments is a widespread practice in business research. Managers are difficult to recruit and organise for experimental sessions, adding to the time span and cost of a research project. This paper reports on an experiment where students and managers used a BI&a关键词: Business intelligence;analytics;experiments;student subjects;surrogates
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Journal
摘要: This study surveyed the members of a professional library organization for their perceptions of their online librarianship role. In particular, the survey sought to examine any change in online librarianship roles after March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns. Participants were administered a survey comprised of both quantitative and qualitative response options. Findings present a nuanced professional environment post-lockdown in which individual job duties largely remained th关键词: Academic libraries;Academic librarianship;Online learning;Subject specialist librarians;Embedded librarian;Library instruction
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Journal
摘要: Electroencephalographic measurement of cortical activity subserving motor behavior varies among different individuals, restricting the potential of brain computer interfaces (BCIs) based on motor imagery (MI). How to deal with this variability and thereby improve the accuracy of BCI classification remains a key issue. This paper proposes a deep learning-based approach to transfer the data distribution from BCI-friendly — “golden subjects” to the data from more typical BCI-illiterate users. In th关键词: Brain computer interfaces (BCIs);Motor imagery (MI);Golden subject;BCI-illiterate;Convolutional neural network (CNN)
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Journal
摘要: Many free online services, including search engines and social media, use business models based on the collecting and processing of personal data of its users. The user data are analysed, leased or sold to generate profits. Basically, the users are not paying for the services with subscription fees or any kind of monetary payment, but with their personal data. In this paper, we argue that these business models, treating personal data as a commodity, are problematic under EU data protection law, 关键词: Data ownership;Data subject rights;Digital single market;EU charter of fundamental rights;EU data economy;GDPR;Right to data protection;Inalienability for fundamental rights;Personal data;Privacy
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Journal
摘要: This study explores #presidentspartingwords, a viral hashtag that accompanied the eulogy-like posts that social media users created about themselves in spring 2020 by satirically emulating president Alexander Lukashenko’s patronizing remarks about the first coronavirus victims in Belarus, an authoritarian post-Soviet country. The study examines how the online public used these discursive sites to challenge the governmentally sanctioned subject positions, which construct Belarusians as inapt depe关键词: critical juncture;coronavirus;subject position;hegemony;national identity;collective identity;social media;Belarus.
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Journal
摘要: Thermophysiological comfort models allow the prediction of subjective thermal sensation for transient and inhomogeneous boundary conditions for a defined validation range. However, their validation ranges are relatively limited due to only low availability of high quality experimental measurement data. The present work aims to provide a high-resolution and well-documented data set to develop and validate scalable modeling approaches. Therefore, a 300 min test study with a total of 48 subjects is关键词: Thermal sensation;Thermal comfort modeling;Aachen comfort cube;Thermoregulation;Subject tests
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Journal
摘要: This article examines Fanon’s reasoning on the inevitability of using violence for both antagonistic projects of colonialism and decolonization. Based on Fanon’s political thought, the article explores how the mono-concept of violence is interpreted differently. Such a lack of harmony in the interpretation of the concept of violence has called this article to be undertaken for an examination of Fanon’s conception of violence, hence he reveals that the use of violence is unavoidable for both colo关键词: colonial violence;colonialism;colonized subject;counter-violence;decolonization;new world
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Journal
摘要: OASES (Open Access for Student Educational Success) is unique in that it is a subject librarian based Open Educational Resource (OER) program. Using survey results and the experience of the OASES program, this qualitative analysis utilizes the types of motivations observed in adoptions of new innovations through time applied to OER, examines the barriers to OER adoption encountered by instructors and the OASES program and how subject librarians can help in overcoming them, explores the motivatio关键词: Open educational resources;OER;Open access;OA;OER programs;Subject librarians;OER librarians;Academic libraries;Open access textbooks
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Journal
摘要: Infiltrating aesthetic education into biology teaching in senior high school can improve teachers' and students' aesthetic quality and ability. Teaching is the main carrier of aesthetic education, and there are abundant aesthetic education resources in senior high school biology textbooks and teaching process. To infiltrate aesthetic education with senior high school biology as the carrier, for students, it is to focus on the improvement of students' overall quality, so as to promote students' o关键词: Senior high school biology;Subject aesthetic education;Aesthetic education teaching
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Journal
摘要: Background(#br)Syndromal classification has failed to produce a progressive science of case conceptualization for mental and behavioral health issues. An idiographic application of processes of change can provide a viable empirical functional analytic alternative if it could be linked to an idionomic approach, modeling idiographic effects first, and retaining nomothetic findings if they improve idiographic fit. Method: The present study examined this possibility by using the Process-Based Assess关键词: Process-based therapy;Complex networks;Idiographic;Single subject;Intensive longitudinal;Evolution science
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Journal
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) Although inspiratory muscle training (IMT) is an effective intervention for improving breath perception, brain mechanisms have not been studied yet. (#br)PURPOSE(#br) To examine the effects of IMT on insula and default mode network (DMN) using resting-state functional MRI (RS-fMRI). (#br)STUDY TYPE(#br) Prospective. (#br)POPULATION(#br) A total of 26 healthy participants were randomly assigned to two groups as IMT group (n = 14) and sham IMT groups (n = 12). (#br)FIELD STRENGTH/S关键词: functional magnetic resonance imaging;healthy subjects;respiratory muscle function
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Journal
Serpico Kimberley;Rahimzadeh Vasiliki;Gelinas Luke;Hartsmith Lauren;Lynch Holly Fernandez;Anderson Emily E;
AJOB empirical bioethicsVolume , Issue , 2022, PP 11-12
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) Institutional review board (IRB) expertise is necessarily limited by maintaining a manageable board size. IRBs are therefore permitted by regulation to rely on outside experts for review. However, little is known about whether, when, why, and how IRBs use outside experts. (#br)METHODS(#br) We conducted a national survey of U.S. IRBs to characterize utilization of outside experts. Our study uses a descriptive, cross-sectional design to understand how IRBs engage with such experts 关键词: IRB;IRB quality;consultant;human subjects research;outside expertise;research ethics
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Journal
Md Zali Adam Zafdri;Ja'afar Yasmin;Paramisparan Karthik;Ismail Siti Izera;Saad Norsazilawati;Mohd Hata Erneeza;Md Hatta Muhammad Asyraf;Ismail Mohd Razi;Yusof Mohd Termizi;Zulperi Dzarifah;
Plant diseaseVolume , Issue , 2022, PP
摘要: Rice (Oryza sativa) is a staple food for most of the world's populations, particularly in Asia (Gumma et al. 2011). The rice sector provides Malaysians with a food supply, food sufficiency, and income for growers (Man et al. 2009). From January to February 2022, panicle samples showing symptoms of bacterial panicle blight (BPB) disease, including reddish-brown, linear lesions with indistinct margins on flag-leaf sheaths and blighted, upright, grayish straw-colored florets with sterile and aborte关键词: Causal Agent;Crop Type;Etiology;Field crops;Pathogen detection;Prokaryotes;Subject Areas;cereals and grains
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Journal
摘要: In recent years, the employment of college graduates has attracted the attention of the government and all sectors of society. This project focuses on the practice of entrepreneurship practice workshop for college art graduates, and integrates the innovation and entrepreneurship education of college students into the practice of the workshop. the subject aims to establish students' subject consciousness, promote the integration of professional education and entrepreneurship education, strengthen关键词: In recent years; the employment of college graduates has attracted the attention of the government and all sectors of society. This project focuses on the practice of entrepreneurship practice workshop for college art graduates; and integrates the innovation and entrepreneurship education of college students into the practice of the workshop. the subject aims to establish students' subject consciousness; promote the integration of professional education and entrepreneurship education; strengthen the links of entrepreneurship practice; create practice opportunities and build a practice platform
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Journal
ReyesGarcia Guadalupe;OrtegaAcosta Santo Angel;Palemon Francisco;OrtegaAcosta Candelario;DominguezMonge Santiago;TerronesSalgado José;CastañedaVildozola Alvaro;Toledo HernÁndez Erubiel;CruzLagunas Blas;FloresSimon Oscar Uriel;
Plant diseaseVolume , Issue , 2022, PP
摘要: The agave crop (Agave angustifolia), is of economic importance for Mexico, for the agave is made mainly an alcoholic beverage called locally mezcal. In the state of Guerrero, in the municipality of Huitzuco de los Figueroa (18.2510026N, 99.2320182W, 1196 m above sea level), a severe disease affecting agave leaves was detected. The field symptoms consisted of pale to brown dark descending lesions, covering >50% of the leaf surface, in which the presence of pycnidia was observed. In an estimated a关键词: Causal Agent;Crop Type;Etiology;Fungi;Subject Areas;Tropical plants
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Journal
摘要: The fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes serious losses to several agricultural crops worldwide. By using systems analysis, we retrieved the available knowledge concerning S. sclerotiorum from the literature and then analysed and synthesized the data to develop a mechanistic, dynamic, weather-driven model for the prediction of epidemics on different crops. The model accounts for i) the production and survival of apothecia; ii) the production, dispersal, and survival of ascospores; iii) infecti关键词: Disease modelling;Epidemiology;Model evaluation;Subject Areas;System analysis
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Journal
摘要: California contains a diverse flora, and knowledge of the pathogens that threaten those plants is essential to managing their long-term health. To better understand threats to California plant health, a meta-analysis of Phytophthora detections within the state was conducted using publicly available sequences as a primary source of data rather than published records. Accessions of ITS rDNA were cataloged from 800 Californian Phytophthora isolates, analyzed and determined to correspond to 80 taxa,关键词: California;Disease management;Phytophthora;Subject Areas;barcoding;diagnostics;meta-analysis;nursery;restoration;species complex
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Journal
摘要: The gut microbiota is implicated in diverse interactions affecting human health. The present study reports a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study conducted by administering a new synbiotic formulation composed of two Lactobacillus strains (L. plantarum and L. acidophilus) and one Bifidobacterium strain (B. animalis subsp. lactis) and two types of fructans (fructo-oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization of 3-5 and inulin-type fructans with 10 DP). The effects of th关键词: Bifidobacterium;Lactobacillus;clinical study;common infectious disease incidence;gut microbiota;healthy subjects;immunological parameters;synbiotic
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Book Chapter
摘要: The first task to address with regard to "subject formation" and "subjectivity" is the range of scholarship and formulations to take as salient. Understanding subjectivity and subject formation demands historical analysis of the documented ways that truth, power, and ethics have operated in the world. This historical analysis, Foucault asserts, is deeply connected with “ontology” denoting the nature of the existence of truth, power, and ethics not only in the past but also very importantly in th关键词: ethics;ontology;public executions;religious traditions;subject formation;subjectivity
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Journal
Onoue Fumiya;Yamamoto Shinya;Uozumi Hideaki;Kamezaki Ryousuke;Nakamura Yuuya;Ikeda Ryuji;Shiraishi Shinya;Tomiguchi Seiji;Sakamoto Fumi;
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshiVolume , Issue , 2022, PP
摘要: PURPOSE(#br) We performed partial volume effect correction of PET images using 18F-FDG-PET and CT images taken consecutively, compared it with correction using MRI images, and investigated the usefulness of correction using CT images. (#br)METHODS(#br) A total of 9 clinically normal subjects were included in the study, and the CT and MRI images of each subject were segmented and normalized. PET images were coregistered to each morphological image and then normalized. The normalized mo关键词: fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT);healthy subject;partial volume effect;statistical parametric mapping 12
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Journal
摘要: In this article, we construct exact traveling wave solutions of the loaded Korteweg-de Vries, the loaded modified Korteweg-de Vries, and the loaded Gardner equation by the functional variable method. The performance of this method is reliable and effective and gives the exact solitary and periodic wave solutions. All solutions to these equations have been examined and 3D graphics of the obtained solutions have been drawn by using the Matlab program. We get some traveling wave solutions, w关键词: the loaded Korteweg-de Vries equation the loaded modified Korteweg-de Vries equation periodic wave solutions soliton wave solutions the loaded Gardner equation functional variable method AMS Subject Classification: 34A34 34B15 35Q51 35J60 35J66.
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Book Chapter
摘要: Classical sociological action theory is characterised by a number of axiomatic assumptions that do not necessarily match the empirical reality of current societies. Its critical reading allows to understand the troubles of social action in highly fluid social environments. From a diagnostic angle, the chapter presents both the ‘participant’ and the ‘observer’ sociological approach to social action. The methodologically controlled interaction of both perspectives allows to analytically identify t关键词: Consensus-driven social action;Fragmented action centres;Fraying collective action subjects;‘Participant’ and ‘observer’ sociological approach;Troubles in social action
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Journal
Fan Yaxin;Li Yi;Chen Yuancheng;Yu Jicheng;Liu Xiaofen;Li Wanzhen;Guo Beining;Li Xin;Wang Jingjing;Wu Hailan;Wang Yu;Hu Jiali;Guo Yan;Hu Fupin;Xu Xiaoyong;Cao Guoying;Wu Jufang;Zhang Yingyuan;Zhang Jing;Wu Xiaojie;
AntibioticsVolume 11, Issue 6, 2022, PP 798-798
摘要: Colistin methanesulfonate (CMS) is an important treatment option for infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative organisms (CROs). This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) profiles and safety of CMS in Chinese subjects following a recommended dosage. A total of 12 healthy Chinese subjects received CMS injections at 2.5 mg/kg once every 12 h for 7 consecutive days. The PK/PD profiles of the active form of CMS, colistin, against CROs were analyzed with the Monte关键词: colistin methanesulfonate;colistin;pharmacokinetics;pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics;human subjects
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Journal
Martino Julia Andrea;Fernandez Franco Daniel;Pozzi Elizabeth Alicia;Alberione Enrique;Bainotti Carlos;Marquez Nathalie;Tolocka Patricia Andrea;Salines Nicolas;Gomez Dionisio;Donaire Guillermo;Conci Luis;Alemandri Vanina Maria;
Plant diseaseVolume , Issue , 2022, PP
摘要: Since 2018, bacterial-like symptoms, such as leaf streaks were observed on wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) in Córdoba province in Argentina, with 1 to 5% of disease incidence. Samples of wheat stem and spike collected in a trial of varieties for summer/autumn sowing in the experimental field of the INTA Marcos Juárez were disinfected, washed and macerated in mortars with sterile distilled water and extracts were streaked on Luria-Bertani (LB) agar. After 48 h incubation at 28 °C, circular, m关键词: Pathogen detection;Subject Areas;Xanthomonas prunicola;bacterial leaf streak of wheat
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Journal
摘要: Platostoma palustre (family Lamiaceae), locally known as 'Black Cincau', is an herb processed as herbal drinks in Malaysia. In November 2021, brown lesions were observed on leaf samples of P. palustre with an incidence of approximately 10% in a nursery in Penampang, Sabah province (5°55'30.4"N 116°04'35.7"E). The lesions developed into larger chlorotic spots with aging of leaves. Five samples of infected leaves were collected, excised (5 × 5 mm), and then surface sterilized with 75% ethanol for 关键词: Epicoccum sorghinum;Platostoma palustre;Causal Agent;Crop Type;Fungi;Leaf spot;Malaysia;Ornamentals;Pathogen detection;Subject Areas;herbaceous/flowering plants
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