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摘要: 我国信息技术的不断发展和进步,为我国各行各业提供了新的发展方向和发展手段,我国教育事业也不例外,我国教育事业中高等院校地理信息系统课程双语教学运用信息技术开展多元化教学模式,丰富地理信息系统课程教学内容,为我国培育出高素质、高能力专业人才。但高等院校地理信息系统课程双语教学改革过程中还存在教师教学水平有待提升、教学资源匮乏、教学目标不明确、缺乏良好教学氛围等问题。文章通过高等院校地理信息系统课程双...关键词: 高等院校;地理信息系统课程;双语教学;改革
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摘要: To reduce the influence of attribute weight on the result of multi-attribute decision-making (MADM), a new MADM method is proposed for MADM, namely, the Disadvantage and Advantage Neighborhood Environments Comparison. This method determines the ranking of objects by analyzing the ratio of advantage neighborhood sets (environments) to the disadvantage neighborhood sets (environments) of objects. First, the advantage and disadvantage neighborhood sets (environments) of objects are constructed on t关键词: Information system;Advantage neighborhood set;Disadvantage neighborhood set;DANEC;Decision making
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摘要: 在政府会计准则制度深入改革背景下,高效、智能已经成为衡量财务管理水平高低的标准。利用信息技术驱动,构建财务数据动态汇聚、实时共享、有序开放的资源应用服务体系,有助于提升学校教育治理智慧化整体水平。本文主要是以高职院校财务系统信息化应用方面开展的研究。关键词: 财务系统;信息化;财务管理
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Journal
Rogers Stephanie R.;Singh Kunwar K.;Mathews Adam J.;Cummings Anthony R.;
The Professional GeographerVolume 74, Issue 3, 2022, PP 516-528
摘要: Drones have equipped geographers with the capacity to collect high-quality geospatial data at multiple spatial, spectral, and temporal resolutions. Although the adoption of drones is increasing across geography, knowledge of those using this technology and their practices is limited. The purpose of this article is to understand who is using drones in geography, how they are using them, and what future opportunities exist. We collected data from eighty-eight survey respondents, predominantly base关键词: drone;geography;geographic information systems;remote sensing;unoccupied aircraft system;无人机;地理学;地理信息系统;遥感;无人驾驶飞机系统。;dron;geografía;percepción remota;sistemas de aeronaves desocupadas;sistemas de información geográfica
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Journal
摘要: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) that appeared in 2019 gave rise to a major global health crisis that is still topping global health, socioeconomic, and intervention program agendas. Although the outbreak of COVID-19 has had substantial and devastating impacts on developed countries, the countries of the Global South share a higher proportion of the epidemic’s effects as shown particularly in morbidity and mortality rates in low-income countries. Modeling the effects of underlying factors and 关键词: ANN;COVID-19 mortality;GIS modeling;Global South;sociodemographic determinants;人工神经网络;新冠病毒死亡率;地理信息系统建模;发展中国家;社会人口决定因素。;determinantes sociodemográficos;modelización con SIG;mortalidad por COVID-19;Sur Global
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Journal
摘要: In this paper, we bring to light the issue of appraising and diffusing information systems by small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in Ghana. The empirical data was gathered through an online questionnaire-based survey from 312 SMEs in Ghana. All these enterprises are registered members of the association of Ghanaian industries (AGI) and are confirmed users of information system. The framework of the study is developed based on the approaches found in technology management literature: manage关键词: Appraisal;Diffusion;Information System;Management Principles;SMEs
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Journal
摘要: The purpose of the European national organic seed databases is to list the varieties for which organically produced seeds and vegetative propagation material is available on the market. The correct functioning of the databases can facilitate the use and distribution of organic seed by improving the transparency of the organic seed market. Each EU Member State can establish its own database, resulting in different specific technical solutions among countries. This study evaluated the quality of o关键词: Organic farming;Organic seed;Seed database;Database quality;Information system
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Journal
摘要: Environmental hazards affect people from different income groups and migration backgrounds on different levels. The research on environmental inequalities and environmental justice has proposed several theories to explain such inequities; still, it remains unclear which of these theories applies to the German societal context. This research investigates whether individual-level income differences between Germans and migrants account for objectively measured exposure to the environmental goods an关键词: environmental inequalities;georeferenced survey data;GIS;land use;urbanisation
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Journal
Neitzke Abreu Herintha Coeto;Costa Gabriel Barbosa;da Silva Milena Nunes;Palacio Edith;da Silva Cardoso Alexandre;de Almeida Paulo Silva;da Costa Lima Junior Manoel Sebastião;
Parasites & VectorsVolume 15, Issue 1, 2022, PP 227-227
摘要: Background(#br)In the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, sand flies and cases of visceral (VL) and cutaneous (CL) leishmaniases have been reported in almost all municipalities. The aim of this study was to analyze the geographic distribution of VL and CL in relation the sand fly species found in the municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul.(#br)Methods(#br)We analyzed VL and CL cases from 2001 to 2018 using data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN). Data collected since 2003 on 关键词: Visceral leishmaniasis;Cutaneous leishmaniasis;Sand flies;Disease notification;Information system;Vectors
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Book Chapter
Pathak Rajesh Kumar;Singh Dev Bukhsh;Pandey Dinesh;Gaur Vikram Singh;Kumar Anil;
The Finger Millet GenomeVolume , Issue , 2022, PP 123-134
摘要: During the past two decades, high-throughput transcriptome sequencing has developed into a well-established and widely used research method. Transcriptomics experiments allow researchers to classify transcriptional behavior, concentrate on a subset of specific target genes and transcripts, or simultaneously profile thousands of genes to create a global image of cell function. Besides, the simultaneous maturation of bioinformatics tools are playing a crucial role in the analysis of generated tran关键词: Finger millet;High-throughput sequencing technologies;Transcriptome analysis;Bioinformatics;Systems biology
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Journal
摘要: 本文基于自然语言处理的研究背景,对当前自然语言处理技术的研究方向,研究现状进行分析,以提出未来自然语言处理技术的研究不足和未来发展。本文认为,当前自然语言处理技术应该对新领域进行研究,打破现有框架,以促进自然语言技术的信息系统中应用。关键词: 自然语言处理;信息系统;应用
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Book Chapter
Costa Rúben D. F. S.;Barbosa Marta L. S.;Silva Francisco J. G.;Sá José C.;Ferreira Luís P.;Pinto Bebiana;
Innovations in Mechanical Engineering IIVolume , Issue , 2022, PP 58-67
摘要: The automotive industry is constantly stimulated by strong competitiveness in terms of product quality, cost control and commitment to delivery times. In the last two decades, competitiveness has been increasing, demanding from organizations greater control over production and surrounding processes, in order to reduce production time and, consequently, reducing costs. However, this production time of a product goes beyond what is its construction, going through validations, controls and records,关键词: Industry 4.0;Production control;Automation;Production programming;Maintenance;Information system;Mapex;Automobile industry
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Book Chapter
摘要: Populations that do not have the education or the cultural level that would allow them to understand and participate intelligently in globalization tend to imagine the future as a conflict between civilizations, cultures and nations. The international scene is today marked by the divide between the discourse of hatred and separation that feeds the clash of civilizations and an attempt at a discourse of peace and openness to one other and to diversity. With the new information technologies, human关键词: cloud computing;dematerialized exchanges;digital technology;energy consumption;globalization;humanity;information technologies;natural capitalism;new civilization;planetary nervous system
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Journal
Lambert Yann;Galindo Muriel;SuárezMutis Martha;Mutricy Louise;Sanna Alice;Garancher Laure;Cairo Hedley;Hiwat Helene;Bordalo Miller Jane;Gomes José Hermenegildo;Marchesini Paola;Adenis Antoine;Nacher Mathieu;Vreden Stephen;Douine Maylis;
JMIR formative researchVolume 6, Issue 6, 2022, PP e29856-e29856
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) An interventional study named Malakit was implemented between April 2018 and March 2020 to address malaria in gold mining areas in French Guiana, in collaboration with Suriname and Brazil. This innovative intervention relied on the distribution of kits for self-diagnosis and self-treatment to gold miners after training by health mediators, referred to in the project as facilitators. (#br)OBJECTIVE(#br) This paper aims to describe the process by which the information system was de关键词: Guiana Shield;ODK;Open Data Kit;information system;malaria;mobile data collection
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Book Chapter
Strukova Ekaterina G.;Kostyukov Konstantin I.;Lezhebokov Andrey A.;Svechinskaya Tatiana A.;Korablin Nikolai V.;
Business 4.0 as a Subject of the Digital EconomyVolume , Issue , 2022, PP 317-320
摘要: : The article sets the goal of assessing the level of development of digital literacy of young people. As part of the implementation of the Federal project “Digital Educational Environment,” programs are being introduced aimed at improving the information literacy of students. The active introduction of information and communication technologies into public life leads to the need to study the problems that impede the development of media information literacy of schoolchildren, their parents and 关键词: Information and communication technologies in the education system;Digital economy;Internet audience;Internet risks;Social media;Internet security;H50;R11
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Book Chapter
摘要: : the purpose of this research is the analysis of the creation and experience of the application of the first information system in the Russian Federation, combining sociological, health, and socio-psychological indicators of the regional general education system in a single information environment. : The methodological apparatus of the information system ensures the receipt of a monitoring result—solving the current tasks of expert control of the health protection activities of educational orga关键词: Expert information systems;Monitoring of the field of education;Health protection of institutions;Social and psychological testing;C02;C15;C18;C51;C83;I21;I23;I31;I38;J58
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Book Chapter
摘要: research the forensic issues that the state faces when determining the main directions for overcoming criminal manifestations in the economy related to the use of online technologies, as well as the development of recommendations that can improve the effectiveness of the investigation of such crimes. analysis, synthesis, description, comparison, and other methods of knowledge, we came to the conclusion that it is necessary to reform not only the approach to solving issues related to information关键词: Fraud;Personal data;Information protection;Security systems;Economic security;Public security;K420
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Journal
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) The condemnation of carcases and offal unfit for human consumption is a regulatory requirement at the slaughterhouse. Condemnation data, if comprehensive and standardised, can be a valuable source of information for risk-based inspection and decision making. (#br)METHODS(#br) The aim of this study was to analyse postmortem condemnation data that were recorded in all bovine slaughterhouses in mainland France from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2020 in a comprehensive and standardis关键词: condemnation;information system;official controls;risk management;slaughterhouse;veterinary services
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Book Chapter
摘要: This paper proposes a sensor-fault detection and exclusion (FDE) approach where residuals and thresholding are developed using an informational measure called the Bhattacharya Distance (). An extended information filter is used for state estimation. In order to detect abnormal sensor observations, fault indicators called residuals are generated by evaluating the () between the a priori and the a posteriori distributions of the observer. For fault isolation, a bank of information filters is devel关键词: Bhattacharyya distance;Multi-sensor data fusion;Fault detection and exclusion;Adaptive threshold;Multi-robot system;Localization;Information filter
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Book Chapter
摘要: Nowadays, dynamic systems have more and more sensors that are more or less accurate and disturbed. The larger the number of sensors, the more accurately the state vector of the system can be estimated. In order to achieve this estimate, Kalman and information filters are commonly used. Mathematically equivalent, these filters are based on two steps: the prediction step of the state vector and its covariance and the update step. However, the prediction step is simpler for the Kalman filter. It is关键词: State estimation;Time-invariant system;Time-varying system;Kalman filter;Information filter;Calculation burden
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Book Chapter
摘要: BIM technology is based on multi-dimensional figures, and by establishing a three-dimensional engineering information data model, it significantly improves the efficiency and quality of work, and reduces the probability of errors and risks. GIS represents the processing results in the form of maps, graphics or data, and meets the requirements of digitalisation and visualisation for construction management. “BIM+GIS” can facilitate the transformation of the management mode of construction project关键词: BIM+GIS;Building information modeling;Geographic information system;Construction project;System design
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Book Chapter
摘要: In order to improve the quality of power information integrated scheduling, this paper studies the power information integrated scheduling algorithm based on middleware technology. In this study, the significance of power information integrated scheduling is introduced first, then the algorithm is discussed by taking the node location and screening of power information integrated scheduling as an example, and the complete cycle of power information integrated scheduling is constructed through th关键词: Middleware technology;Power system;Power information integrated scheduling algorithm
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Journal
摘要: Despite the wide variety of literature on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the service industry, there is still a lack of an integrated systematized view of these multiple impacts. This study contributes to service research by identifying a variety of academic and managerial perspectives about the influence of COVID-19. We pay attention to the service industry, but with an especial focus on the tourism and hospitality industries, which have been more severely affected.This paper presents t关键词: COVID-19 pandemic;service ecosystems;transformative service research;service design;consumer behavior;ICTs;tourism and hospitality;新冠疫情;服务生态系统;变革性服务研究;服务设计;消费者行为;信息通信技术;旅游和住宿业
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Journal
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) Multiple mobility-related challenges frequently appear with aging. As a result, many older adults have difficulty getting around, to go, for example, to doctors' appointments or leisure activities. Although various means of transportation are currently available, older adults do not necessarily use them, partly because they do not know which ones are adapted to their needs and preferences. To foster older adults' autonomy and freedom in their decision-making about transportation,关键词: aged;community-based;information system;mobility;mobility limitation;older adults;participatory research;transportation
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Book Chapter
摘要: The chapter explores the message analysis and comprehension efforts that would follow a SETI detection event and discusses the information types and patterns we might look for in an information‐bearing signal from an extraterrestrial intelligence.关键词: SETI;METI;extraterrestrial intelligence;first contact;information theory;communication systems
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Book Chapter
摘要: Over the decades, passenger’s desire to enjoy a relatively better-quality service by most popular transportation system of India that is Indian Railways. This paper aims to investigate about existing information amenities on railway platforms and find the suggestive measures to improve it, to meet with the aspirations of the passengers. The study was conducted on two major railway platform of India, Nagpur Junction and Patna Junction. Data was collected through structured and unstructured questi关键词: Travel experience design;Information system design of railway platform;Service design
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Book Chapter
摘要: Clinical researchers hold high expectations for the utility of health data sourced from hospital information systems. In Japan, the standardized structured medical information eXchange version 2 (SS-MIX2) storage is a common resource for obtaining clinical data from different medical databases. However, little is known about the coverage of the data types derived from the SS-MIX2 storage. In this regard, we calculated the proportions of a dataset that could be extracted via SS-MIX2 for various c关键词: Health information interoperability;Information systems
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Book Chapter
摘要: Clinical image data analysis is an active area of research. Integrating such data in a Clinical Data Warehouse (CDW) implies to unlock the PACS and RIS and to address interoperability and semantics issues. Based on specific functional and technical requirements, our goal was to propose a web service (I4DW) that allows users to query and access pixel data from a CDW by fully integrating and indexing imaging metadata. Here, we present the technical implementation of this workflow as well as the ev关键词: Medical Imaging;Clinical Data Warehouse;Health Information System Interoperability
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Book Chapter
摘要: South Korea has a public and single-payer system for healthcare services based on fee-for-service payments. The National Health Insurance (NHI) reimbursement claim codes are used by all healthcare providers for reimbursement. This study mapped NHI reimbursement claim codes for therapeutic and surgical procedures to the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED-CT) to facilitate semantic interoperability and data reuse for research. The Source codes for mapping were 2,500 reimb关键词: Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine;Health Information Interoperability;Health Insurance Reimbursement
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Book Chapter
摘要: Current healthcare industries are more focusing on quality, efficiency, and safety. Nursing information systems are among the key components of healthcare information systems; they can help nurses to use data more effectively while managing their nursing activities, allowing them to improve patient care and develop their knowledge. According to clinical various needs and various hospitals, so as to develop a flexible Nursing Information System, this study based on the MVC, Object-Oriented Progra关键词: Model-View-Controller Nursing Information System Electronic Medical Record
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