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Journal
摘要: The single-layer coated fabric was prepared using the polyurethane and the coating technology on the nylon. The influence of the wave-absorbing functional particles (graphene, graphite, hydroxy nickel powders, micron iron powders, silver-coated copper powders, silver-coated hollow glass beads) on the electromagnetic properties and the mechanical properties of coated fabrics was explored. Results showed that within the frequency range of 0 MHz∼1000 MHz, when the ratio of contents of the graphite 关键词: Coating;dielectric constant;shielding effectiveness;wave-absorbing functional particles;graphene
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摘要: Decomposition of the polycation Al13O4(OH)24(H2O)127+ (Al13) promoted by ligand is a vital subject to advance our understanding of natural and artificial occurrence and evolution of aluminum ions, especially in the case of acidic condition that dissolved Al3+ species can be released from the Al-bearing substances. However, the microscopic pathway of synchronous proton-promoted and ligand-promoted decomposition process for Al13 is still in the status of ambiguity. Herein, we关键词: Al;13;Differential mass spectrometry;Density functional calculation;Complex;Ring closure;Decomposition
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摘要: Based on the experimental and theoretical methods, the NO selective catalytic oxidation process was proposed. The experimental results indicated that lattice oxygen was the active site for NO oxide over the α-MnO2(110) surface. In the theoretical study, DFT (density functional theory) and periodic slab modeling were performed on an α-MnO2(110) surface, and two possible NO oxidation mechanisms over the surface were proposed. The non-defect α-MnO2(110) surface showed the highest stability, and the关键词: Nitric oxide;MnO;2;Selective catalytic oxidation;Density functional theory;Reaction route
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摘要: The temporal and spatial characteristics of urban river bacterial communities help us understand the feedback mechanism of bacteria to changes in the aquatic environment. The Fuhe River plays an important role in determining the water ecological environment of Baiyangdian Lake. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to study the microbial distribution characteristics in the Fuhe River in different seasons. The results showed that some environmental factors of the surface water (ammonia nitrogen (NH3-关键词: Fuhe river;Surface water;Sediment;Bacterial community;Spatial and temporal distribution;Functional prediction
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Journal
摘要: The thermal deactivation of diesel soot particles exerts a significant influence on the control strategy for the regeneration of diesel particulate filters (DPFs). This work focused on the changes in the surface functional groups, carbon chemical state, and graphitization degree during thermal treatment in an inert gas environment at intermediate temperatures of 600°C, 800°C, and 1000°C and explore the chemical species that were desorbed from the diesel soot surface during thermal treatment usin关键词: Diesel soot particles;Surface functional groups;Carbon chemical state;Graphitization degree;Thermal deactivation
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Journal
摘要: The long-term impact of fulvic acid (FA) on partial nitritation (PN) system was initially examined in this study. The obtained results revealed that the FA lower than 50mg/L had negligible effect on the nitrite accumulation rate (NAR nearly 100%) and ammonium removal rate (ARR 56.85%), while FA over 50 mg/L decreased ARR from 56.85% to 0.7%. Sludge characteristics analysis found that appropriate FA (<50mg/L) exposure promoted the settling performance and granulation of PN sludge by removing B关键词: Partial nitritation;Fulvic acid;Microbial community;Functional genes;Metagenomic
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Journal
摘要: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) requires a precise diagnosis in order to be managed and rehabilitated. Non-invasive neuroimaging methods are disease markers that can be used to help diagnose ASD. The majority of available techniques in the literature use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to detect ASD with a small dataset, resulting in high accuracy but low generality. Traditional supervised machine learning classification algorithms such as support vector machines function well with u关键词: Autism; classification; attributes; imaging; adversarial; fMRI; functional graph; neural networks
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Journal
摘要: Breathing effort in mechanical ventilation is commonly estimated by airway pressure. More advanced methods involve transdiaphragmatic pressure measurements (Pdi) or surface electromyography (sEMG) of the respiratory muscles. To study whether inspiratory efforts may be predicted by the noninvasive sEMG method, a model is proposed for time series with a stochastically changing periodic component. The model can be interpreted as a functional time series or a process based on a state space represent关键词: Long memory;State space model;Functional data analysis;Mechanical ventilation;Transdiaphragmatic pressure;Surface electromyography (sEMG)
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Book Chapter
摘要: This chapter is focused on the divergent phases of generating solution concepts and moving them toward more detailed engineering designs. Several individual and team-based techniques are discussed to generate design concepts including Six Hats, 6-3-5, C-Sketch, concept mapping, and lateral thinking. Additional methods are introduced to group, recombine, and refine ideas as they move closer to design solutions, including functional mapping, blackboxing and TRIZ. Discussions of prior art, benchmar关键词: Benchmarking;Brainstorming;Design solution;Diverge and converge;Functional mapping;Ideation;Patents solution concept
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Book Chapter
关键词: elimination;enuresis;encopresis;functional constipation;toileting;bed-wetting
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Book Chapter
关键词: abdominal pain;bleeding;constipation;diarrhea;encopresis;endoscopy;functional abdominal pain;recurrent abdominal pain;vomiting
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Book Chapter
摘要: Patients with lung cancer are at risk of functional limitations as a result of their disease and treatment protocols. Cancer rehabilitation as a specialty has a unique ability to address functional impairments in this population to maximize independence. There are a number of subjective and objective tools to evaluate functional outcomes and prehabilitation can be used to target areas for improvement though more investigation is needed in this population.关键词: Cancer rehabilitation;Functional outcomes;Lung cancer;Performance status;Prehabilitation
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Book Chapter
摘要: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more sensitive than computed tomography (CT) for detecting functional and structural brain abnormalities resulting from injury. However, standardized clinical magnetic resonance sequences are sometimes insufficient in sensitivity or lacking in specificity for detecting the heterogeneous and complex pathologic changes caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI). In recent years, there has been an effort to develop more precise quantitative neuroimaging tools to visu关键词: magnetic resonance imaging;traumatic brain injury (TBI);mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI);connectomics;brain connectivity;axial diffusivity (AD);blood oxygen level–dependent (BOLD);diffusion tensor imaging (DTI);functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI);independent component analysis;intrinsic connectivity network (ICN)
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Book Chapter
Nelson Lindsay D.;Ngwenya Laura Benjamin;Gardner Raquel C.;Wilson Lindsay;
Youmans & Winn Neurological SurgeryVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 3193-3201.e3
摘要: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) includes a variety of injury phenotypes that are most commonly classified as mild, moderate, or severe. In this chapter we describe recovery trajectories that start with the initial severity classification and describe improvements or decline thereafter. We discuss what is known in the literature of TBI sequelae in the long term (6–12 months after injury) and longer term (>1 year after injury). We focus on functional and cognitive outcomes, behavioral and psychologic关键词: depression;functional outcome;mortality;recovery;traumatic brain injury
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Book Chapter
摘要: The clinical and research use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is increasingly being incorporated in surgical oncology practice as a way of reflecting the patient’s experience of surgical treatment. The use of validated PRO questionnaires at critical time points in the trajectory of surgical recovery documents how patients feel and function after surgery, can provide clinically actionable information, and allows comparison of recovery trajectories from different procedures. Although the US Fo关键词: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL);patient-reported outcomes (PROs);postoperative functional recovery;PROs in perioperative care;Symptom burden
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Book Chapter
Miranda Adrian;
Nelson Pediatric SymptomBased DiagnosisVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 222-241.e2
摘要: Abdominal pain is one of the most common reasons for pediatric office visits and gastroenterology consultations. In most children, the pain is benign and/or self-limited. The initial goal of evaluation of acute abdominal pain is to identify those patients with a serious etiology that may require urgent intervention. A good history and focused physical examination are important for proper diagnosis. Laboratory data are usually supportive in confirming or ruling out suspected disease and imaging s关键词: acute abdominal pain;appendicitis;visceral pain;functional abdominal pain;recurrent abdominal pain;irritable bowel syndrome;disorders of gut-brain interaction
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Book Chapter
Chelimsky Gisela G.;Chelimsky Thomas C.;
Nelson Pediatric SymptomBased DiagnosisVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 545-549.e1
摘要: Chronic overlapping pain conditions affect a large portion, at least 20%, of both the pediatric and adult populations. The pathophysiology is unknown. Current thinking favors a central nervous system etiology, perhaps related to threat mechanisms, accounting for the frequent co-occurrence of disorders in such disparate parts of the body. The list includes fibromyalgia, migraine headache, temporomandibular joint disorder, chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome and other functional gas关键词: chronic overlapping pain conditions;functional gastrointestinal disorders;biobehavioral approach to chronic pain;fibromyalgia;chronic pain
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Book Chapter
摘要: Adolescence is known as a period of transition toward adulthood that is characterized by significant developmental changes in cognitive, emotional, and social domains. For adolescent/young adult dialysis patients, this process also involves the acquisition of self-managed medical care. For many patients, this time is also marked by treatment nonadherence, lapses in medical care, and poor outcomes. As this transition progresses, patients must transfer from pediatric care to an adult treatment set关键词: adherence;functional outcomes;dialysis;pediatrics;transition
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Book Chapter
Moreland-Capuia Alisha R.;Vahabzadeh Arshya;Gillespie Charles F.;Ressler Kerry J.;
Neurobiology of Brain DisordersVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 811-824
摘要: Significant progress has been made in the expansion of our understanding of the biological basis of anxiety disorders. Preclinical research examining the biological basis of fear learning, emotional memory regulation, and the expression of fear in animal models has, in conjunction with clinical research in patients with anxiety disorders, promoted the development of a biologically based understanding of the pathophysiology of fear-related anxiety disorders and suggested points of clinical interv关键词: Acceptance and commitment therapy;Amygdala;Anxiety;Cognitive behavioral therapy;Cognitive processing therapy;Dialectical behavioral therapy;Exposure-based therapy;Fear;Functional magnetic resonance imaging;GABA;Genetic;Glucocorticoids;HPA axis;Obsessive–compulsive disorders;Posttraumatic stress disorder;Prefrontal cortex;Serotonin;Sympathoadrenal
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Book Chapter
Belani Puneet;Sundaram Vikram K.;Koo Clara S.;Delman, Bradley N.;Doshi Amish H.;
Youmans & Winn Neurological SurgeryVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 197-197.e36
摘要: MR imaging of the brain has advanced significantly in terms of quality, technique, and available advanced imaging sequences. It is crucial for the neurosurgeon to be aware of the available imaging tools in the diagnostic, treatment planning, and posttreatment stages, not only with regard to requesting specific imaging studies, but also to understand the value and limitations of specific techniques. In this chapter, we review conventional and advanced MR imaging techniques as they pertain to diag关键词: diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI);diffusor tensor imaging (DTI);functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI);magnetic resonance angiography (MRA);magnetic resonance elastography;magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);magnetic resonance spectroscopy;perfusion-weighted imaging;permeability-weighted imaging;phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging;positron emission tomography magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI);simulation;tractography;vessel wall imaging (VWI);volumetric
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Book Chapter
摘要: Functional neurosurgery is one of the most rapidly expanding fields in neurosurgery. It involves precise surgical targeting of anatomic structures to modulate neurological function in the management of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Neuroimaging is an essential part of stereotactic technique, and, as such, it is the responsibility of the neurosurgeon performing the procedure. Meticulous attention to neuroimaging technique reduces the number of brain passes required during an interv关键词: diffusion weighted imaging (DWI);direct targeting;functional MRI (fMRI);MR connectivity;MR diffusion;MR tractography;MR-guided focused ultrasonography (MRgFUS);MRI guidance;MRI verification;stereotactic MRI;stereotactic precision and accuracy
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Book Chapter
摘要: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) at the internal globus pallidus for medically refractory primary dystonia is supported by multiple open-label and blinded studies, along with three placebo-controlled trials, showing high levels of efficacy, durability, and tolerability. Younger patients with shorter disease duration, without joint contractures, and with the DYT1 gene mutation generally exhibit the best treatment response. Patients with secondary dystonia respond more modestly and inconsistently than关键词: deep brain stimulation;dystonia;functional neurosurgery
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Book Chapter
Régis Jean;Tuleasca Constantin;Castinetti, Frederic;Roche Pierre-Hugues;
Youmans & Winn Neurological SurgeryVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 2335-2347.e3
摘要: Introduction: Although created by Leksell for functional neurosurgery and subsequently used for arteriovenous malformation in the 1980s, the development of modern imaging (CT scan and MRI) have facilitated the use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for benign intracranial lesions.Materials and methods: An extensive review of the literature shows how SRS has progressively been demonstrated to be a very safe and effective approach for benign intracranial tumors that are difficult to resect and wit关键词: functional sparing;meningiomas;radiosurgery;stereotaxis;vestibular schwannomas
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Book Chapter
Huesgen Karl;Tyndall J. Adrian;
Rosen's Emergency MedicineVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 1350-1352.e1
摘要: Somatic system and related disorders (formerly known as somatoform disorders) share a common feature of patients’ maladaptive and inappropriate psychological responses to somatic (bodily) symptoms. Although patient presentation may center upon somatic or neurologic symptoms, current understanding of psychiatric disorders focuses on patients’ maladaptive and inappropriate cognitive or affective responses to somatic symptoms rather than the lack of explanation for them. Disorders include somatic s关键词: Somatoform disorders;somatic symptom disorder;illness anxiety disorder;hypochondriasis conversion disorder;functional neurological symptom disorder
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Book Chapter
摘要: Older adults (65 and older) are the fastest growing segment of the population and represent an increasing proportion of emergency department visits. Older adults have unique issues that affect their emergency department care and disposition. Ideally a holistic approach is needed for frail older patients. Evaluation and management are more complex and often more time-consuming. Presentations can be nonspecific and chief complaints may be vague. Diseases can have atypical signs and symptoms. Acute关键词: geriatrics;elderly;aging;frailty;health services for the aged;geriatric emergency medicine;cognitive impairment;transitional care;geriatric assessment;cognitive assessment;functional assessment
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Book Chapter
摘要: Interdisciplinary pain management includes a biopsychosocially-based approach that integrates pain management, physical and occupational therapy, behavioral health interventions, and pain education. Recent federal initiatives support the need to increase access and greater integration of pain rehabilitation models into the continuum of pain care. This chapter will reviews the development of pain rehabilitation approaches, including early back schools, integrative primary care collaborative model关键词: Interdisciplinary Care;Functional Restoration;Pain Neuroscience Educationl;Chronic Pain Management;High Impact Chronic Pain;Multidisciplinary Care;Opioid Tapering;Biopsychosocial Model
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Book Chapter
ADAMS MEREDITH C.B.;CLAUW DANIEL J.;
Practical Management of PainVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 520-529
摘要: Chronic widespread pain is a broad category of heterogeneous, centrally mediated pain conditions. Clinically, consistently applying clinical diagnostic criteria and treatment pathways remains challenging. The unifying theme for these disorders is a state of pain and sensory hyper-responsiveness that can be identified using sensory testing and is associated with functional neuroimaging changes. One of the more recent developments in understanding centralized pain, and specifically fibromyalgia, h关键词: central sensitization,;widespread pain,;fibromyalgia,;naltrexone,;functional neuroimaging,;nociplastic pain
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Journal
摘要: Lung carcinoids are neuroendocrine tumors representing 1 to 2% of lung cancers. This study outlines the case of a patient with a metastatic lung atypical carcinoid who presented with a pleural effusion and progression of liver metastases after developing resistance to conventional treatments. Personalized functional profiling (PFP), i.e. drug screening, was performed in ex-vivo spheroids obtained from the patient's liver metastasis to identify potential therapeutic options. The drug screening re关键词: Personalized functional profiling;antiangiogenic therapy;drug screening;lung carcinoid;neuroendocrine tumors;personalized medicine;pharmacotyping;precision medicine;spheroids
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Journal
摘要: PURPOSE(#br) This study investigates bilateral performance with the Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) and its associations with competition performance (CP) and competition volume (CV) in judo. (#br)METHODS(#br) The SJFT compared movement patterns of the dominant (D) and nondominant (ND) sides on a sample of 27 youth judoka. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to determine differences in SJFT execution to the D and ND side, and for associations, the Pearson correlation was used (P <关键词: SJFT;asymmetry;combat sports;functional laterality;youth sport
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Journal
摘要: PURPOSE(#br) To map the current literature on functional neuroimaging use in medical education research as a novel measurement modality for neurocognitive engagement, learning, and expertise development. (#br)METHOD(#br) We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ERIC, and Web of Science, and hand-searched reference lists of relevant articles on April 4, 2019, and updated the search on July 7, 2020. Two authors screened the abstracts and then full-text articles for eligibility based on inclusion crit关键词: Electroencephalography;functional magnetic resonance imaging;functional near-infrared spectroscopy;health professions education;medical education;neurocognitive engagement;neuroimaging
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