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Book Chapter
关键词: blood pressure;hypertension
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Book Chapter
Habib Gabriel B.;
Cardiology SecretsVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 351-361
摘要: Hypertension affects over 100 million Americans, with 46% of US adults more than 20 years old, and over 1.1 billion individuals worldwide. Hypertension is a major risk factor for myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. Hypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure (BP) greater than or equal to 130 mm Hg and/or a diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 80 mm Hg. Elevated BP is defined as a BP of 120 to 129/80 mm Hg. Stage 1 hypertension is defined as a BP 关键词: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor;beta-blocker;blood pressure;calcium channel blocker;diuretic;hypertension;resistant hypertension;stage 1 hypertension;systolic blood pressure
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Book Chapter
Van Why Scott K.;Sreedharan Rajasree;
Nelson Pediatric SymptomBased DiagnosisVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 190-202.e1
摘要: Hypertension in children is a common issue faced by primary physicians. The first step in the evaluation of a child for hypertension is to define whether the child is in fact hypertensive. Once verified, hypertension may be silent at presentation, identified only on routine screening, or may be symptomatic. The speed and depth of the evaluation needed depend on the context. Symptomatic hypertension requires urgent and thorough evaluation and management. In most hypertensive children, a specific 关键词: blood pressure;childhood hypertension;elevated blood pressure;hypertension;infantile hypertension;symptomatic hypertension
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Book Chapter
摘要: Hypertension is extremely common in hemodialysis patients. The etiology is multifactorial, with a large contribution from extracellular volume overload and additional contributions from increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, sympathetic nervous system, as well as endothelial cell dysfunction. The diagnosis of hypertension and the prognosis of the recorded blood pressure (BP) are best established using interdialytic measurements or incorporation of multiple intradialytic 关键词: antihypertensives;blood pressure;extracellular volume;hemodialysis;hypertension;intradialytic hypotension
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Book Chapter
Levy Phillip D.;Brody Aaron;
Rosen's Emergency MedicineVolume , Issue , 2023, PP 977-990.e3
摘要: Hypertension (HTN) is an important but largely treatable risk factor for cardiovascular disease that affects almost half of Americans and approximately 1 billion people worldwide. Recent society guidelines have lowered the diagnostic criteria and treatment threshold for HTN, thus increasing the prevalence of HTN from 31% to 45%. Under these definitions, the proportion of patients with controlled HTN has increased from 25% to 43% over the past two decades, reflecting the partial success of awaren关键词: Hypertension;blood pressure;hypertensive emergency;antihypertensive medication;acute stroke
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摘要: The prevalence of self-reported hypertension is higher among Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) individuals than in the majority USA population. Although hypertension is the primary modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, it can be difficult to manage successfully. The objective of this study was to explore patients' and providers' perspectives about hypertension, hypertension management strategies, and patient-provider communication strategies within a tribally-owned关键词: Alaska Native;blood pressure;hypertension;self-management
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摘要: PURPOSES(#br) Central blood pressure is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular prognosis rather than brachial blood pressure. The reflection wave reaches the abdominal aorta sooner than ascending aorta. Thus, the contribution of central pulse pressure (cPP) to renal events may differ from that of cardiovascular events. (#br)METHODS(#br) The subanalysis of the ABC-J II study was performed. Subjects were 3434 treated hypertensive patients with a mean follow-up of 4.7 years. Left ventricular hypert关键词: Blood pressure;chronic kidney disease;stiffness gradient
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Journal
Nikrýnová Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong;Štrauch Branislav;Petrák Ondřej;Krátká Zuzana;Holaj Robert;Kurcová Ivana;Marešová Věra;Pilková Alena;Hartinger Jan;Waldauf Petr;Zelinka Tomáš;Widimský Jiří;
Blood pressureVolume 31, Issue 1, 2022, PP 58-63
摘要: PURPOSE(#br) The aim of our study was to evaluate the adherence to mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists and other antihypertensive therapy and blood pressure control in conservatively treated patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). (#br)MATERIALS AND METHODS(#br) Conservatively treated subjects with previously confirmed PA (n-50, 64.5 ± 9 years of age, 24% women) were investigated via our outpatient hypertension clinic. All subjects underwent regular examinations in our clinic. In addit关键词: Primary aldosteronism;adherence;antihypertensive treatment;blood pressure;chromatography–mass spectrometry
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Journal
摘要: Background(#br)With the high prevalence of hypertension, it is important to determine its predictors early. The aim of this study was to determine the association between blood pressure with anthropometric indices and birth weight among a population of Malay adolescents in Kuala Lumpur.(#br)Design and methods(#br)This cross-sectional study was carried out among 254 primary and secondary school adolescents aged 10 to 16 years. Anthropometric measurements and blood pressure were determined through关键词: Adolescent;Anthropometry;Birth weight;Blood pressure;Malaysia;ABSI;aOR;BMI;BP;CI;DBP;LBW;MOE;NHBPEP;NHMS;OR;SBP;SD;SE;SEANUTS;TEM;WC;WHO;WHR;WHtR
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Journal
Preudhomme Liana K;Gellman Marc D;Franceschini Nora;Perreira Krista M;FernándezRhodes Lindsay E;Gallo Linda C;Isasi Carmen R;Smoller Sylvia;Castañeda Sheila F;Daviglus Martha;Hutten Christina;Cooper Richard S;Cai Jianwen;Schneiderman Neil;Llabre Maria M;
Blood pressureVolume 31, Issue 1, 2022, PP 155-163
摘要: PURPOSE(#br) The current study examined the effects of chronic stress and a genetic risk score on the presence of hypertension and elevated systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure among Hispanics/Latinos in the target population of Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. (#br)MATERIALS AND METHODS(#br) Of the participants (N = 11,623) assessed during two clinic visits (Visit 1 2008-2013 & Visit 2 2014-2018), we analysed data from 7,429 adults (50.4% female), aged 18-74, wh关键词: Genetic risk;Hispanic/Latino;blood pressure;chronic psychosocial stress;hypertension
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Journal
Schipke Jochen D;Muth Thomas;Pepper Clark;Schneppendahl Johannes;Hoffmanns Martin;Dreyer Sven;
Medical gas researchVolume 12, Issue 4, 2022, PP 153-157
摘要: Hyperoxia has been described to induce bradycardia by direct stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. Also, hyperoxia has been found to increase blood pressure by an elevation of vascular resistance. However, the latter effect itself would induce bradycardia by baroreceptor stimulation. This single-arm monocentric retrospective study aims to evaluate the correlation between these effects by investigating the relation between oxygen (O2) administration and heart rate over tim关键词: autonomic nervous system;blood pressure;endothelium;heart rate;hyperbaric oxygen therapy;oxidative stress;vascular resistance;wound healing
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Journal
Valencia Morales Diana J.;Laporta Mariana L.;Zec Simon;Yu Kai;Bancos Irina;Martin David P.;Martin McGrew Yvette N.;Weingarten Toby N.;Hanson Andrew C.;Sun Junzhi;Schroeder Darrell R.;Sprung Juraj;
Journal of Surgical ResearchVolume 277, Issue , 2022, PP 189-199
摘要: Introduction(#br)Surgical resection of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) may be associated with excessive hemodynamic variability. Whether hemodynamic variability occurs in patients with undiagnosed PPGL undergoing unrelated, non-neuroendocrine, operations is unknown.(#br)Methods(#br)We identified patients who underwent non-neuroendocrine surgical procedures up to 5 y before pathologic diagnosis of PPGL. For each PPGL, two non-PPGL patients were matched based on sex, age, type, and year 关键词: Average real variability;Blood pressure;Coefficient of variation;Paraganglioma;Pheochromocytoma;Range;Standard deviation
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Journal
摘要: Background:(#br)The remote measurement of physiological signals from video has gained a particular attention over the last past years. Estimating cardiovascular parameters like oxygen saturation and arterial blood pressure (BP) is covered by a limited volume of studies and remain a very challenging issue. Recent attempts demonstrated that BP can be estimated from facial video but under very controlled scenarios or with moderate performances. The data used in these works have not been publicly re关键词: Imaging photoplethysmography;Blood pressure;Continuous wavelet transform;Deep learning;U-net
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Journal
摘要: Limited evidence exists regarding the effect of exposure to ambient particle matters with aerodynamic diameter ≤1 μm (PM1) in a short-term on blood pressure (BP) in the pediatric population. This study aims to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient PM1 on BP in children and adolescents. Population data were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey from 102 schools in Shandong Province, China. Daily air pollution data were collected, and individual exposure level was a关键词: Particulate matter;Blood pressure;Chinese;Children;Adolescents
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Journal
摘要: The role of suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) in the anterior hypothalamus as a master ~24 h oscillator (clock) and synchronizer of the circadian regulatory system is reviewed extensively. In contrast, the ample evidence that SCN also exert a circadian-independent impact on homeostasis and metabolism is underappreciated. Therefore, herein we focus on the evidence for SCN participation in homeostatic (non-circadian) mechanisms in regulation of arterial blood pressure and hydro-mineral balance, plasma 关键词: Suprachiasmatic nuclei;homeostatic control;water–salt balance;blood pressure;glucose;vip
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Journal
关键词: Blood pressure;Cardiac output;Fluid management;Haemodynamic management
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Journal
de Prado-Bert Paula;Warembourg Charline;Dedele Audrius;Heude Barbara;Borràs Eva;Sabidó Eduard;Aasvang Gunn Marit;Lepeule Johanna;Wright John;Urquiza Jose;Gützkow Kristine B.;Maitre Léa;Chatzi Leda;Casas Maribel;Vafeiadi Marina;Nieuwenhuijsen Mark J.;de Castro Montserrat;Grazuleviciene Regina;McEachan Rosemary R.C.;Basagaña Xavier;Vrijheid Martine;Sunyer Jordi;Bustamante Mariona;
Environmental ResearchVolume 211, Issue , 2022, PP 113109-113109
摘要: Exposure to air pollution influences children's health, however, the biological mechanisms underlying these effects are not completely elucidated. We investigated the association between short- and medium-term outdoor air pollution exposure with protein profiles and their link with blood pressure in 1170 HELIX children aged 6–11 years. Different air pollutants (NO2, PM10, PM2.5, and PM2.5abs) were estimated based on residential and school addresses at three different windows of exposure (1-day, 关键词: Air pollution;Plasmatic proteins;Childhood;Environment;Blood pressure;Short-term effects
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Journal
摘要: Purpose(#br)Emerging evidence suggests that minimizing mean perfusion pressure (MPP) deficit during vasopressor therapy for shock can potentially reduce adverse kidney-related outcomes in ICU. We assessed feasibility and preliminary efficacy of individualizing MPP targets based on patients' own pre-illness basal-MPP among vasopressor-treated patients with shock.(#br)Material and methods(#br)In this prospective before-and-after trial, 31 patients during the ‘before’/observational phase and 31 pat关键词: Blood pressure;Mean perfusion pressure deficit;Relative hypotension;Acute kidney injury;Intensive care;Shock
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Journal
摘要: Background and purpose(#br)Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the metabolic disturbances associated with liver cell inflammation. Nigella sativa (N.sativa) is a widely used medicinal plant known for its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and hepato-protective properties. This study aimed to assess the effect of supplementation of N. sativa oil on plasma levels of adiponectin, leptin, and blood pressure (BP) in patients diagnosed with NAFLD.(#br)Materials and methods(关键词: Adiponectin;Blood pressure;Leptin;Nigella sativa;Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
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Journal
Garg Rajeev K.;Ouyang Bichun;Zwein Amer;Thavapalan Varoon;Indavarapu Ajit;Cheponis Kathryn;Osteraas Nicholas;Ezzeldin Mohamad;Pandya Vishal;Ramesh Atul;Bleck Thomas P.;
Journal of Critical CareVolume 70, Issue , 2022, PP 154049-154049
摘要: Purpose(#br)Whether systolic blood pressure (SBP) is reliable in acute spontaneous intracerebral (sICH) by assessing agreement between simultaneous BP measurements obtained from cuff non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) and radial arterial invasive blood pressure (AIBP) devices.(#br)Material and methods(#br)Among 766 prospectively screened sICH subjects, 303 (39.5%) had NIBP and AIBP measurements. During the first 24 h, 2157 simultaneous paired measurement readings were abstracted. Paired NIBP/AIB关键词: Intracerebral hemorrhage;Blood pressure;Blood pressure monitors;Reliability;Hypertension;Critical care;sICH;SBP;DBP;MAP;NIBP;AIBP
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Journal
Huang Huai-Kuan;Liu Chi-Yuan;Tzeng I-Shiang;Hsieh Tsung-Han;Chang Chun-Yu;Hou Yueh-Tseng;Lin Po-Chen;Chen Yu-Long;Chien Da-Sen;Yiang Giou-Teng;Wu Meng-Yu;
American Journal of Emergency MedicineVolume 58, Issue , 2022, PP 265-274
摘要: Objective(#br)Blood pressure in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with clinical outcome. However, evidence of blood pressure (BP) range is scarce and the association between BP and clinical outcome is mostly controversial. We aimed to investigate the association between blood pressure and clinical outcome in TBI.(#br)Methods(#br)This is a retrospective cohort study using the Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital trauma database from January 2009 to June 2019; totally, 13,114 patients we关键词: Traumatic brain injury;Glasgow coma scale;Mortality;Resuscitation protocols;Blood pressure
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Journal
Amadi Peter U;Agomuo Emmanuel N;Amadi Joy A;BobChile Agada Adaeze I;Njoku Uche C;Ogunwa Chinedu S;Odika Prince C;Osuoha Justice O;Ogbolosingha Atieme J;Adumekwe Chiamaka W;Chigbu Ifeyinwa N;
摘要: BACKGROUND(#br) Due to the widespread unorthodox use of nuts to improve cardiovascular health, this clinical trial was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of walnut as an adjuvant statin in hypertensive subjects. (#br)METHOD(#br) A single-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial that lasted for 3 months. Forty-five screened hypertensive subjects on treatment, aged 45-65 years, were randomized into intervention and placebo groups according to their blood pressure defined by the America关键词: Statins;blood pressure;cholesterol;hypertension;walnut
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摘要: Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) co-exposure have been inconsistently associated with blood pressure (BP) and hypertension (HTN). This cross-sectional study included 309 participants who completed a health examination and had blood Cd (Cd-B) and Pb (Pb-B) levels measured. The association between Cd, Pb, and their combined exposure levels, with systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and HTN was evaluated using models which were stratified according to sex, age, BMI, and smoking habit categor关键词: cadmium;lead;co-exposure;blood pressure;hypertension
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摘要: The assessment of the impact of meteorological factors on the epidemiology of various diseases and on human pathophysiology and physiology requires a comprehensive approach and new tools independent of currently occurring climate change. The thermal comfort index, i.e., Universal Climate Thermal Index (UTCI), is gaining more and more recognition from researchers interested in such assessments. This index facilitates the evaluation of the impact of cold stress and heat stress on the human organis关键词: Cold stress;Heat stress;Thermal stress;Universal Thermal Climate Index;Epidemiology;Mortality;Blood pressure;Asthma;Infection diseases;Cardiology;Emergency
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Journal
摘要: Background Alemtuzumab (ATZ), a highly effective disease modifying treatment for relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), is associated with the rare risk of intracerebral hemorrhage. Increase of blood pressure (BP) was hypothesized to be causative, but prior administration of high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) is a potential confounder.(#br)Objective To analyze BP change in MS patients treated with ATZ and prior HDMP treatment compared to patients receiving HDMP only for acute relapse.(#br)Methods I关键词: Multiple sclerosis;Alemtuzumab;Arterial hypertension;Blood pressure;Heart rate
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摘要: Objectives(#br)Neurological deterioration (ND) during hospitalization is an independent predictor of poor prognosis after stroke. Risk factors affecting early ND within 48 h post stroke have been intensively investigated, while few data are available on those for late ND after transfer to a wheelchair. Therefore, it was investigated whether hemodynamic factors may affect the late ND during hospitalization.(#br)Materials and methods(#br)A retrospective study was conducted on 135 patients with ath关键词: Ischemic cerebral infarction;Atherothrombotic cerebral infarction;Cardiogenic cerebral infarction;Neurological deterioration;Blood pressure;Heart rate;Barthel index;Transfer
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Journal
Sharma Ashish;Tanwar Rahul Singh;Singh Yash;Sharma Ajay;Daudra Shaktiraj;Singal Gaurav;Gadekallu Thippa Reddy;Pancholi Sidharth;
Computers and Electrical EngineeringVolume 101, Issue , 2022, PP
摘要: Physiological measurements are an important parameter of a person’s health. Therefore, we must take the information about our body’s physiological measurements to remain updated with our health status. There are a huge number of patients and few physicians in this world. This is creating an imbalance in the health industry. To cope with the imbalance, there is a high need for an application that allows users to monitor their health in case of an emergency. This paper proposes novel algorithms an关键词: Heart rate;Blood pressure;PPG;FFT;Smartphone;Android
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Journal
Kidoguchi Satoshi;Kitada Kento;Fujisawa Yoshihide;Nakano Daisuke;Yokoo Takashi;Titze Jens;Nishiyama Akira;
Journal of Pharmacological SciencesVolume 149, Issue 3, 2022, PP 115-123
摘要: We have recently reported that the urea osmolyte-associated water conservation system is activated in fluid loss models such as high salt-induced natriuresis, renal injury-induced impaired renal concentrating ability, or skin barrier dysfunction-induced transepidermal water loss. The system consists of the interaction of multiple organs including renal urea recycling, hepato-muscular ureagenesis, and suppression of cardiovascular energy expenditure. Here, we determined the effect of pharmacologi关键词: Tolvaptan;Body fluid;Urea;Cardiovascular energy expenditure;Blood pressure
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摘要: Background: The impact of uncontrolled hypertension results in undesirable cardiovascular events. Hence, there is a need to emphasize on adequate control of blood pressure. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and determinants of controlled blood pressure and the complications of hypertension in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 257 patients of Cardiology Unit of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital di关键词: Blood pressure;complications;hypertension;Nigeria;risk factors
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摘要: Purpose of reviewHigh blood pressure (BP) is the world's leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death. This review highlights findings during the past 18 months that apply to the management of high BP in adults in the context of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (AHA) BP guideline.Recent findingsA comprehensive meta-analysis of clinical trials that employed a novel statistical method identified a substantially linear relationship between dietary关键词: blood pressure;cardiovascular outcomes;guidelines;hypertension;lifestyle modification;pharmacologic treatment;potassium;sodium
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