经济合作与发展组织
期刊
会议
图书
作者:Giuseppe Berlingieri , Patrick Blanchenay , Chiara Criscuolo
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:This report provides new evidence on the increasing dispersion in wages and productivity using novel micro-aggregated firm-level data from 16 countries. First, the report documents an increase in wage and productivity dispersions, for both manufacturing and market services. Secon...
作者:OECD
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. The report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marin...
作者:OECD
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:The paper presents a critical discussion of ex-post impact evaluation of policies that affect regional economic development, with a particular emphasis on drawing useful implications for policy making. In particular, it discusses the importance of setting clear and measurabl...
作者:OECD
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:Economic globalisation has given rise to two types of networks that stretch out across OECD and emerging economies. At the one side, global value chains (GVCs) can be thought of as the “material” transfers of goods and services (final as well as intermediate) across borders....
作者:Timothy DeStefano , Koen De Backer , Laurent Moussiegt
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:Advances in digital technologies are transforming the way firms function, how they are structured and the manner in which they compete. This paper contributes to our understanding of digital technology usage by assessing changing patterns in the use of hardware and software and i...
作者:OECD
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:Over the past decade, behavioural insights have helped make consumer policies more evidence-based and effective. This report examines how behavioural insights have been used by governments and other public policy organisations to develop and implement consumer policy initiatives,...
作者:Koen De Backer , Dorothee Flaig
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:The rapid growth of global value chains (GVCs) has been an important driver of globalisation during the past decades. But the international fragmentation of production appears to have lost momentum and GVCs seem to have stalled in recent years. The world economy is facing a numbe...
作者:OECD
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2017OECD
摘要:There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many of the major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. Evidence is accumulating that through...
作者:Gianpiero Mattera , Filipe Silva
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2018OECD
摘要:This report assesses the extent and implications of the presence of state enterprises in the steel industry. There are concerns about the potential lack of transparency and accountability as well as competitive advantages that state enterprises may have over competitors. In ...
作者:Carlo Menon , Timothy DeStefano , Francesco Manaresi ...
来源:[B].OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers2018OECD
摘要:The report provides an independent and comprehensive evaluation of the economic and social impact of the Italian policy framework for innovative start-ups, also known as the “Start-up Act”, first introduced by the Decree-law 179 in 2012. The policy aims at creating a more fa...

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