农业与生物科学国际研究中心
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作者:Githae, E. W.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2018, Vol.13 (003)CABI
摘要:Invasive alien species (IAS) are among the leading threats to biodiversity, food security and human well-being. Opuntia (prickly pear cactus) is one of the most widespread and naturalized in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya, with extreme effects on rural livelihoods and the ...
作者:Souza, A. P. de O. , Molento, C. F. M.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2018, Vol.13 (001)CABI
摘要:This study aimed to propose general guidelines for an animal welfare (AW) management system based on the hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) to develop an AW strategy appropriate for individual organizations of the animal food chain. Main adaptations for steps with...
作者:Boyd, C. E.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2018, Vol.13 (002)CABI
摘要:Organic fertilizers (livestock manures and other agricultural wastes or by-products) and chemical fertilizers can be applied to aquaculture ponds to increase fish or shrimp production. Pond fertilization increases concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and other plant nutrients t...
作者:Zhu QianHao , Wilson, I. , Llewellyn, D.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (016)CABI
摘要:Forward genetics is an approach that applies mutants to identify genes responsible for a mutant phenotype, and is traditionally achieved using map-based cloning, a time-consuming multistep procedure, particularly for crops with complex genomes that usually lack high-quality genet...
作者:Oloso, N. , Fasina, F. O. , Fasanmi, O. G. ...
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (042)CABI
摘要:Typhoidal and non-typhoidal salmonellosis have emerged as prominent causes of bloodstream infection in Africa with high fatalities up to 47%. The transmission routes of typhoidal and reservoir hosts of non-typhoidal Salmonella are not fully understood in Africa. Diverse challenge...
作者:Taxis, T. M. , Casas, E.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (026)CABI
摘要:Animal diseases are a significant source of lost revenue in livestock production systems. Reduction and control of diseases has traditionally been done under three management programs: eradication by test and slaughter, vaccination, and use of antibiotics. However, inadequate eff...
作者:Jaradat, A. A.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (034)CABI
摘要:The Fertile Crescent (FC) is a high biodiversity region where most temperate-zone agricultural species originated and were first domesticated. A favourable environment, a special plant community and an adaptive population combined to initiate the transition from a hunter-gatherer...
作者:Vear, F.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (035)CABI
摘要:The main diseases of sunflower which can be controlled by major genes are downy mildew, broomrape, rust and Verticillium wilt, whereas the crop shows quantitative resistance to Sclerotinia rots and wilt, phomopsis stem canker, Phoma premature ripening and black stem and Alternari...
作者:Bouzid, M.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (021)CABI
摘要:Vector-borne diseases have a worldwide distribution and are associated with a significant burden causing over one million deaths annually. Dengue and malaria are the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases globally. Vectors transmit the infections to human and animal hosts and are...
作者:Aikins, A. de G. , Agyemang, C.
来源:[J].CAB Reviews, 2017, Vol.12 (027)CABI
摘要:Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) of Africa, Asia and Latin America bear a significant proportion of the global burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs). LMICs are unable to respond appropriately to their NCD burden because of a complex blend of epidemiological, ...

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