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作者:Nick Berggren , Martin Eimer
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1902-1915麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Mental representations of target features (attentional templates) control the selection of candidate target objects in visual search. The question where templates are maintained remains controversial. We employed the N2pc component as an electrophysiological marker of templa...
作者:Guannan Shen , Nathan J. Smyk , Andrew N. Meltzoff ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1858-1869麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:The focus of the current study is on a particular aspect of tactile perception: categorical segmentation on the body surface into discrete body parts. The MMN has been shown to be sensitive to categorical boundaries and language experience in the auditory modality. Here we record...
作者:Jeongmi Lee , Carly J. Leonard , Steven J. Luck ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1773-1787麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Feature-based attentional selection is accomplished by increasing the gain of sensory neurons encoding target-relevant features while decreasing that of other features. But how do these mechanisms work when targets and distractors share features? We investigated this in a si...
作者:Rachel Rac-Lubashevsky , Yoav Kessler
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1870-1882麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Optimal working memory (WM) functioning depends on a control mechanism that balances between maintenance and updating by closing or opening the gate to WM, respectively. Here, we examined the neural oscillation correlates of WM updating and of the control processes involved in ga...
作者:Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas , Amy Daitch , Josef Parvizi ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1757-1772麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Elementary arithmetic requires a complex interplay between several brain regions. The classical view, arising from fMRI, is that the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the superior parietal lobe (SPL) are the main hubs for arithmetic calculations. However, recent studies using intrac...
作者:Rachel Wu , Andria Shimi , Michael Solis ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1749-1756麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Research in adult cognitive neuroscience addresses the bidirectional relationship between attentional selection and prior knowledge gained from learning and experience. This research area is ready for integration with developmental cognitive neuroscience, in particular with educa...
作者:Daniel Baldauf
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1846-1857麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:In two EEG experiments, we studied the role of visual attention during the preparation of manual movements around an obstacle. Participants performed rapid hand movements to a goal position avoiding a central obstacle either on the left or right side, depending on the pitch of th...
作者:Marieke Jepma , Stephen B. R. E. Brown , Peter R. Murphy ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1803-1820麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:To make optimal predictions in a dynamic environment, the impact of new observations on existing beliefs—that is, the learning rate—should be guided by ongoing estimates of change and uncertainty. Theoretical work has proposed specific computational roles for various neuromo...
作者:Nicolò F. Bernardi , Floris T. Van Vugt , Ricardo Ruy Valle-Mena ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1883-1901麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:The relationship between neural activation during movement training and the plastic changes that survive beyond movement execution is not well understood. Here we ask whether the changes in resting-state functional connectivity observed following motor learning overlap with the b...
作者:Roger E. Beaty , Preston P. Thakral , Kevin P. Madore ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (12), pp.1939-1951麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:The core network refers to a set of neural regions that have been consistently associated with episodic memory retrieval and episodic future simulation. This network is thought to support the constructive thought processes that allow the retrieval and flexible combination of...

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