全部文献期刊学位论文会议报纸专利标准年鉴图书|学者科研项目
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作者:Plotkin Henry
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.454-63PubMed
摘要:Incorporating culture into an expanded theory of evolution will provide the foundation for a universal account of human diversity. Two requirements must be met. The first is to see learning as an extension of the processes of evolution. The second is to understand that there are ...
作者:Linquist Stefan , Machery Edouard , Griffiths Paul E ...
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.444-53PubMed
摘要:Integrating the study of human diversity into the human evolutionary sciences requires substantial revision of traditional conceptions of a shared human nature. This process may be made more difficult by entrenched, 'folkbiological' modes of thought. Earlier work by the authors s...
作者:Mameli Matteo , Bateson Patrick
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.436-43PubMed
摘要:The concept of innateness is often used in explanations and classifications of biological and cognitive traits. But does this concept have a legitimate role to play in contemporary scientific discourse? Empirical studies and theoretical developments have revealed that simple and ...
作者:Lehmann Laurent , Aoki Kenichi , Feldman Marcus W
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.424-35PubMed
摘要:In species subject to individual and social learning, each individual is likely to express a certain number of different cultural traits acquired during its lifetime. If the process of trait innovation and transmission reaches a steady state in the population, the number of diffe...
作者:Enquist Magnus , Ghirlanda Stefano , Eriksson Kimmo
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.412-23PubMed
摘要:Previous work on mathematical models of cultural evolution has mainly focused on the diffusion of simple cultural elements. However, a characteristic feature of human cultural evolution is the seemingly limitless appearance of new and increasingly complex cultural elements. Here,...
作者:Mace Ruth , Jordan Fiona M
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.402-11PubMed
摘要:A growing body of theoretical and empirical research has examined cultural transmission and adaptive cultural behaviour at the individual, within-group level. However, relatively few studies have tried to examine proximate transmission or test ultimate adaptive hypotheses about b...
作者:Curtis Valerie , de Barra Mícheál , Aunger Robert
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.389-401PubMed
摘要:Disgust is an evolved psychological system for protecting organisms from infection through disease avoidant behaviour. This 'behavioural immune system', present in a diverse array of species, exhibits universal features that orchestrate hygienic behaviour in response to cues of r...
作者:Fitch W Tecumseh
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.376-88PubMed
摘要:Human language is both highly diverse-different languages have different ways of achieving the same functional goals-and easily learnable. Any language allows its users to express virtually any thought they can conceptualize. These traits render human language unique in the biolo...
作者:Little Anthony C , Jones Benedict C , Debruine Lisa M ...
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.366-75PubMed
摘要:Inspired by studies demonstrating mate-choice copying effects in non-human species, recent studies of attractiveness judgements suggest that social learning also influences human preferences. In the first part of our article, we review evidence for social learning effects on pref...
作者:Nettle Daniel
来源:[J].Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2011, Vol.366 (1563), pp.357-65PubMed
摘要:From an ultimate perspective, the age of onset of female reproduction should be sensitive to variation in mortality rates, and variation in the productivity of non-reproductive activities. In accordance with this prediction, most of the cross-national variation in women's age at ...

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