全部文献期刊会议图书|学者科研项目
中外文文献  中文文献  外文文献
作者:Ying Yin , Amy Rader Olsson , Maria Håkansson
来源:[J].Journal of Cleaner Production(IF 3.398), 2016, Vol.134, pp.78-86
摘要:Abstract(#br)This study examines institutional conditions for local governance and environmental integration. Four eco-city cases in Sweden and China are analyzed. The theoretical framework is based on theories of Environmental Policy Integration (EPI) and sustainable urban plann...
作者:Jae Hong Kim , Timothy D. Keane , Eric A. Bernard
来源:[J].Journal of Environmental Management(IF 3.057), 2015, Vol.150, pp.378-386
摘要:Abstract(#br)Fragmented jurisdictions and decision making structures can result in destructive competition and/or a lack of systematic cooperation that can hamper effective resource management and environmental planning, although the value of local autonomy and stakeholder part...
作者:Sara Moreno-Pires , Teresa Fidélis
来源:[J].Ecological Indicators(IF 2.89), 2012, Vol.23, pp.608-615
摘要:Abstract(#br)The actual use of sustainability indicators and their steering potential is constrained by the particularities of governance contexts, by institutional patterns and changes, by the different interpretations of what sustainable development means and entails, and by th...
作者:Jaime A. Aburto , Carlos F. Gaymer , Sonia Haoa ...
来源:[J].Ocean and Coastal Management(IF 1.597), 2015, Vol.116, pp.108-115
摘要:... The local Rapanui people have noticed an extreme decline in marine resources, which is due to the exploitation of these resources. Top-down regulations (e.g. fisherman and boat registrations and restrictions on catch-length and fishing season and location) implemented by th...
作者:Barbara Kożuch , Katarzyna Sienkiewicz-Małyjurek
来源:[J].Sustainability, 2016, Vol.8 (2)
摘要:The goal of this article is to examine the basic characteristics and factors that impact inter-organisational coordination in sustainable local governance to address: 1. What are the factors that effective inter-organisational coordination between independent units creating publ...
作者:Hamman
来源:[J].International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology(IF 1.213), 2019, Vol.26 (1), pp.1-10
摘要:... It addresses the governance of energy transition by studying its local actualizations, moving beyond purely technical and normative readings. The paper shows that through the local socio-technological energy systems, sustainability governance filters down to the level of ...
作者:Jaime A. Aburto , Carlos F. Gaymer , Georgina Cundill
来源:[J].Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems(IF 1.917), 2017, Vol.27 (2), pp.353-371
摘要:... In 2014, the local community on Easter Island started a bottom‐up process to improve marine resources conservation and management. Local stakeholders formed a working group that has regular meetings and goals, such as creating a sea council and some basic action plans, t...
作者:Ho Lun Wong , Yu Wang , Renfu Luo ...
来源:[J].Journal of Public Economics, 2017, Vol.152, pp.119-132
摘要:Abstract(#br)Research has shown that allowing local communities to elect their own leaders increases local infrastructure investment. However, much less is known about the effects of local governance reform on the quality of local infrastructure. This paper examines the effects o...
作者:Abakah
来源:[J].Cogent Social Sciences, 2018, Vol.4 (1)
摘要:Abstract(#br)This paper reports on a study conducted to explore rural women’s experiences and participation in local governance activities in the Abura–Asebu–Kwamankese district of Ghana. Using a qualitative case study design, the study collected data from 53 women with d...
作者:Alan White , Evelyn Deguit , William Jatulan ...
来源:[J].Coastal Management(IF 0.814), 2006, Vol.34 (3), pp.287-302
摘要:In 1991 the Philippine government shifted many coastal management responsibilities to <font color="red">local</font> governments and fostered increased <font color="red">local</font> participation in the management of coastal resources. In their delivery of integrated coastal management (ICM) as a basic service, many <font color="red">local</font><font color="red">...</font></td></tr></tbody></table><div class="document_down clearfix"><div class="fl mr15"><span><a title="全文获取" href="http://d.scholar.cnki.net/link/doi/STJDLAST/STJDD516D182B3926F2DF1A97C6AF2E53081" target="_blank"><img src="images/springer-s.gif"/>全文获取</a></span></div><div class="fl mr15 position-re none zzgcWth"><span><a title="纸质馆藏位置信息" href="Javascript:void(0)">纸质馆藏</a><ul class="zzgcDiv"></ul></span><span class="caret-dw"></span></div></div></div></div></div><div class="div_dataset_turnpage"><div class="div_dataset_result_pagination"><span class="nowPage">1</span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(2);">2</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(3);">3</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(4);">4</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(5);">5</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(6);">6</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(7);">7</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(8);">8</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(9);">9</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnPage(10);">10</a></span><span class="page"><a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="turnNext();">下页</a></span></div><div style="clear:both;"></div></div><input type="hidden" id="page" name="page" value="1" /><input type="hidden" id="token" name="token" value="" /><input type="hidden" id="sqltoken" name="sqltoken" value="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" /><input type="hidden" id="wheretoken" name="wheretoken" value="2luQAfrqbD8Irr/FcO3TFmUVbCp6FMfcRGhLY1vIYxaWfQGlHxia7/guwzcoa2yss7c/VMTNnNoxhZp6tgLmwqTqdaAXtMKmntHt6yfVOrOGu7/8FRDwvXnFwlnBJEj7PfiKh7OSqXvZ+Cphv8QgwRLYWoLIdceDaJ+TvDpaBWDAKhAbbCI83gMc8TMsJaYE05fgKh9RJifQblomBam2INGz84v8TAw94cBYMZFg94nPTDHQm6iXttcR/H52PK/bQ7mlTDG7p5R+JITHeDmCGk6LwexPoXj4qTLLLzGGC3IOsak5MFxy1kiKwGolcJdhgguOMzFHpNLBP1pBB3WCWw==" /></div><script language="javascript">InitializeGroups("50,2,36,1,5000");</script></div> </div> <div id="Search__Waiting" class="loading"><div class="loadingInner"><span id="i_img" class="loading_icon"></span><p id="divsearchtip" class="loading_text">我们正在为您处理中,这可能需要一些时间,请稍等。</p></div></div> <div class="footerL_gf-in"> <div class="bottom tc"> 资源合作:<a href="mailto:cnki.scholar@cnki.net">cnki.scholar@cnki.net</a>, +86-10-82896619   意见反馈:<a href="mailto:scholar@cnki.net">scholar@cnki.net</a> </div> <div class="footerL_gf-n pl10 clearfix"> <ul class="footerL_nav f_img01"> <li class="nav-h pb10"> <a href="http://elib.cnki.net/" target="_blank">CNKI数字图书馆</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://elib.cnki.net/">个人馆/机构馆</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://papers.cnki.net">学者成果库</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://xuezhe.cnki.net/">学者圈</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://projects.cnki.net/">科研项目</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://webinfo.cnki.net/">网络资源</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://trend.cnki.net/">CNKI 学术趋势</a> </li> </ul> <ul class="footerL_nav f_img02"> <li class="nav-h pb10"><a href="http://elearning.cnki.net/" target="_blank">数字化学习与研究</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://elearning.cnki.net/">数字化学习与研究平台<br /> </a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://scholar.cnki.net">学术资源发现平台<br /> </a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnki.net/">中国知网</a> </li> </ul> <ul class="footerL_nav f_img03 no_border"> <li class="nav-h pb10"> <a target="_blank" href="http://service.cnki.net/">客户服务</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://my.cnki.net/CNKIRecharging/Pay.aspx">充值中心</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://help.cnki.net">在线咨询</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://service.cnki.net/">客服中心</a> </li> <li> <a target="_blank" href="http://scholar.cnki.net/help/help.aspx">帮助</a> </li> </ul> <ul class="footerL_nav footerL_nav_logo f_img04 no_border"> <li class="nav-logo"><span class="logo_left"></span> <a href="http://www.cnki.net/" target="_blank" class="logo_right"></a> <br /> <a href="http://www.cnki.net/images/zhengshu02.jpg" target="_blank">京ICP证040431号</a>  <a href="http://www.cnki.net/images/006.jpg" target="_blank">互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号</a> <br> 京公网安备 11010802014875号 <br> © 2014中国知网(CNKI) 《中国学术期刊(光盘版)》电子杂志社有限公司 <div class="tongji"> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://s94.cnzz.com/stat.php?id=4113093&web_id=4113093&show=pic1"></script> </div> </li> </ul> </div> </div> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://scholar.cnki.net/webapp/webtool/plugins/feedback.ashx?lang=zh-CN"></script> <div id="BackFrame"></div> <div id="FrontFrame"> <div id="FrontTitle"> <h2 class="Description"></h2> <a id="FrontClose" href="javascript:HideFrame()" title="关闭">×</a> </div> <iframe id="InnerFrame" src="about:blank" frameborder="0" scrolling="no"></iframe> </div> <div class="divTop fixedBR" id="go2Top" style="display: none;"> <a onfocus="this.blur()" title="返回顶部" href="javascript:window.scrollTo(0,0);" class="totop"></a> </div> <script type="text/javascript"> $(function () { window.onscroll = function () { if ($(window).scrollTop() < 300) { $("#go2Top").attr("style", "display:none"); } else { $("#go2Top").attr("style", "display:block") } }; }); </script> </body> </html>