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作者:Michael W. Seymour , Amanda Rogers
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2014, Vol.7 (4), pp.1-17CGRN
摘要:... In the United States, many of these civic spaces follow geographer Edward Price’s description of the “courthouse square”: “a rectangular block surrounded by streets, with the courthouse, often the most ornate building in the county, standing alone in the middle of the square and...
作者:Tilanka Chandrasekera , So-yeon Yoon
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2015, Vol.9 (1), pp.1-14CGRN
摘要:... Our study also attempts to understand how use of these digital mediums affects spatial abilities.
作者:Nilufer Saglar Onay
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2015, Vol.8 (2), pp.21-30CGRN
摘要:: Interior design is about the integration of numerous interior elements and products that are chosen to satisfy various spatial requirements. The unity of all surfaces, materials and products create an integral architectural character and language. Important architects of the m...
作者:Ching-Pin Tseng
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2014, Vol.7 (3), pp.75-84CGRN
摘要:Ever since the Expo’92, issues of “ecology,” “sustainability,” and “green” architecture have been proposed continuously in following expositions for educational or strategic demonstrations. The exhibitions not only narrate the cause and effect of disasters, but...
作者:Toru Otawa
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2014, Vol.7 (3), pp.27-44CGRN
摘要:Three case studies were conducted to identify critical factors influencing the design and implementation of stream restoration projects in Northwestern U.S. These projects include: (1) Indian Creek Restoration Project in Caldwell, Idaho, (2) Paradise Creek Restoration in Moscow, ...
作者:Nilufer Saglar Onay
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2014, Vol.7 (3), pp.11-26CGRN
摘要:Re-use of historical interiors as retail space is an important design issue that has to be evaluated from different points of view. While preserving the heritage significance of these interiors, it is also important to create up-to-date commercial spaces. Historic cities and all ...
作者:Sumana Hossain
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2015, Vol.9 (2), pp.1-13CGRN
摘要:... These changes become most apparent when the development alters a city’s recognizable layout or threatens its sustainable, socio-cultural milieu by departing from its environmental and historical values. Therefore, in the early stages of new urban developments, the parties ...
作者:Boonanan Natakun
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2015, Vol.9 (1), pp.15-27CGRN
摘要:This study aims to identify key issues that can either support or impede implementations of community-based development (CBD) and participatory slum-upgrading (PSU) projects occurring worldwide. Through extensive reviews of literature in urban planning, urban development, and arc...
作者:Kwok Choi Kacey Wong , Weijia Wang , Kin Wai Michael Siu
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2015, Vol.9 (4), pp.35-53CGRN
摘要:After a brief introduction to pedestrian bridges in Hong Kong, the paper discusses and analyzes their formal aesthetics and their effect during both day- and night-time according to three different scales in the urban landscape: the architecture, street, and city scales. The pa...
作者:Paulo Mendonca , Mónica Raquel Fernan Macieira
来源:[J].The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, 2014, Vol.7 (2), pp.39-50CGRN
摘要:... The permanent evolution and mutation of life styles have been conducting to the rethink of living spaces and to a growing need for more evolutionary and adaptable housing units. It can be verified that a major portion of houses don’t accomplish that premise. This happens ...

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