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来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:The interaction of a magnetic monopole–antimonopole pair depends on their separation as well as on a second ‘twist’ degree of freedom. This novel interaction leads to a non-trivial bound state solution known as a sphaleron and to scattering in which the monopole–antimon...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:The electroweak monopole in the standard model, the existence, characteristic features, cosmological production and physical implications are discussed. The discovery of the Higgs particle has been thought to be the ‘final’ test of the standard model. If the standard model i...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:The topological structure of field theory often makes inevitable the existence of stable and unstable localized solutions of the field equations. These are minima and saddle points of the energy. Saddle point solutions occurring this way are known as sphalerons, and the most...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:Quantum electrodynamics predicts that in a strong electric field, electron–positron pairs are produced by the Schwinger process, which can be interpreted as quantum tunnelling through the Coulomb potential barrier. If magnetic monopoles exist, monopole–antimonopole pairs wou...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:The search for highly ionizing particles in nuclear track detectors (NTDs) traditionally requires experts to manually search through samples in order to identify regions of interest that could be a hint of physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. The advent of ...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:We discuss the hunt for long-lived particles at the Large Hadron Collider. A motivation is given for such searches, and the experimental challenges are presented. It has become clear in the last few years that the present experiments are not optimally equipped to cover the f...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:A succinct summary is given of the problem of reconciling observation of black hole-like objects with quantum mechanics. If quantum black holes behave like subsystems, and also decay, their information must be transferred to their environments. Interactions that accomplish t...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:MoEDAL is a pioneering LHC experiment designed to search for anomalously ionizing messengers of new physics, such as the magnetic monopole. After a test run at 8 TeV centre-of-mass energy (Ecm), it started official data taking at the LHC at an Ecm of 13 TeV, in 2015. Its gro...
来源:[J].Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A(IF 2.891), 2019, Vol.377 (2161)
摘要:Neutrino telescopes are designed to search for neutrino sources in the Universe, exploiting the Cherenkov light emitted along the path of the charged particles produced in interactions occurring close to the detector volume. Their huge size and the shield offered by large wa...

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