欧洲呼吸学会
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作者:Amy G. L. Nuttall , Werner Velásquez , Caroline S. Beardsmore ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:There is increasing evidence that ventilation heterogeneity and small airway disease are significant factors in asthma, with evidence suggesting that the small airways are involved from an early stage in childhood asthma. Spirometry is commonly used to monitor lung function in as...
作者:Timothy S.C. Hinks , Ryan D. Hoyle , Erwin W. Gelfand
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:The complexity of asthma is underscored by the number of cell types and mediators implicated in the pathogenesis of this heterogeneous syndrome. Type 2 CD4+ T-cells (Th2) and more recently, type 2 innate lymphoid cells dominate current descriptions of asthma pathogenesis. However...
作者:Maria R. Bonsignore , Tarja Saaresranta , Renata L. Riha
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) have long been considered predominantly male-related conditions. The clinical presentation of sleep disordered breathing in females differs from males and can vary with age and physiologic...
作者:Jason Weatherald , Abílio Reis , Olivier Sitbon ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:Disease registries are important sources of real-world evidence that inform clinical practice and health policy, particularly when randomised controlled trials do not exist [1]. Much of what we know today about pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has come from observational stu...
作者:Matthew Armstrong , Andrew Winnard , Nikolaos Chynkiamis ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:The aim of this study was to examine the use of pedometers as a tool to promote daily physical activity levels in patients with COPD.(#br)A systematic review meta-analysis of pedometer physical activity promotion in patients with COPD was conducted. Medline/PubMed, Cochrane ...
作者:Myriam Delaunay , Grégoire Prévot , Samia Collot ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:Immunotherapy has become a standard of care in oncology, following the recent approvals of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein-4 and programmed cell death-1 inhibitors in lung cancer, melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, bladder, head and neck cancers. Beside...
作者:Elizabeth Benz , Katerina Trajanoska , Lies Lahousse ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:COPD is associated with a progressive loss of muscle mass and function. However, there is an unmet need to define and standardise methods to estimate the prevalence of sarcopenia in COPD patients.(#br)We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of th...
作者:Katleen Swinnen , Rozenn Quarck , Laurent Godinas ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare and incurable chronic disease characterised by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and right heart failure. Patient registries collecting observational data can be of great value in the understanding of clinical proble...
作者:Nejat Altintas , Renata L. Riha
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:Non-sleepy obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is thought to have a prevalence of around 20–25% in industrialised countries. However, the question of whether it should be routinely treated or not is controversial. This review collates the results from recent randomised controlled...
作者:Thomas Radtke , Sarah Crook , Georgios Kaltsakas ...
来源:[J].European Respiratory Review, 2019, Vol.28 (154)ERS
摘要:The objective of this document was to standardise published cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) protocols for improved interpretation in clinical settings and multicentre research projects. This document: 1) summarises the protocols and procedures used in published studi...

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