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作者:Ye Yuan , Judy Major-Girardin , Steven Brown
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1298-1314麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:People utilize multiple expressive modalities for communicating narrative ideas about past events. The three major ones are speech, pantomime, and drawing. The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify common brain areas that mediate narrative comm...
作者:Sori Baek , Amy L. Daitch , Pedro Pinheiro-Chagas ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1315-1322麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Past research has identified anatomically specific sites within the posterior inferior temporal gyrus (PITG) and the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) areas that are engaged during arithmetic processing. Although a small region of the PITG (known as the number form area) is selectively ...
作者:Nash Unsworth , Matthew K. Robison , Ashley L. Miller
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1241-1253麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:The current study examined pupillary correlates of fluctuations and lapses of sustained attention. Participants performed a sustained attention task with either a varied ISI or a fixed ISI (fixed at 2 or 8 sec) while pupil responses were continuously recorded. The results indicat...
作者:Kirsten C. S. Adam , Matthew K. Robison , Edward K. Vogel
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1229-1240麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Neural measures of working memory storage, such as the contralateral delay activity (CDA), are powerful tools in working memory research. CDA amplitude is sensitive to working memory load, reaches an asymptote at known behavioral limits, and predicts individual differences in cap...
作者:Mariam Aly , Janice Chen , Nicholas B. Turk-Browne ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1345-1365麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:The posterior medial network is at the apex of a temporal integration hierarchy in the brain, integrating information over many seconds of viewing intact, but not scrambled, movies. This has been interpreted as an effect of temporal structure. Such structure in movies depends on ...
作者:Alexa Tompary , Naseem Al-Aidroos , Nicholas B. Turk-Browne
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1281-1297麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Top–down attention prioritizes the processing of goal-relevant information throughout visual cortex based on where that information is found in space and what it looks like. Whereas attentional goals often have both spatial and featural components, most research on the neura...
作者:David Rothlein , Joseph DeGutis , Michael Esterman
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1209-1228麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Attention is thought to facilitate both the representation of task-relevant features and the communication of these representations across large-scale brain networks. However, attention is not “all or none,” but rather it fluctuates between stable/accurate (in-the-zone) and ...
作者:Mariya E. Manahova , Pim Mostert , Peter Kok ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1366-1377麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Prior knowledge about the visual world can change how a visual stimulus is processed. Two forms of prior knowledge are often distinguished: stimulus familiarity (i.e., whether a stimulus has been seen before) and stimulus expectation (i.e., whether a stimulus is expected to occur...
作者:Nicholas Gaspelin , Steven J. Luck
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1265-1280麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:Researchers have long debated how salient-but-irrelevant features guide visual attention. Pure stimulus-driven theories claim that salient stimuli automatically capture attention irrespective of goals, whereas pure goal-driven theories propose that an individual's attentiona...
作者:Katherine W. Turk , Ala'a A. Elshaar , Rebecca G. Deason ...
来源:[J].Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2018, Vol.30 (9), pp.1323-1329麻省理工大学出版社
摘要:It is difficult to predict whether newly learned information will be retrievable in the future. A biomarker of long-lasting learning, capable of predicting an individual's future ability to retrieve a particular memory, could positively influence teaching and educational met...

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