世界银行集团图书
期刊
会议
图书
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Summarizes key challenges facing Central America, including (1) improving the coverage and redistributional incidence of public spending; (2) enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency (quality) of public social spending; and (3) strengthening the institutions governing public sp...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Reports that Central American countries remain relatively small in population, area, and size of economies, and though they have a common history and culture, in many ways they remain quite different from each other. In economic terms, all remain middle income, but Nicaragua sits...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Argues that institutions governing public social programs should ensure continuity of social spending focused on promoting equality of access to high-quality services in a cost-effective manner, by discussing some recent institutional reforms in Central America promoting these go...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Provides a list of survey sources by country, the time period covered, their titles and acronyms, and utilization for the education, social protection, labor, and health sectors.
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Reveals that as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), between 2007 and 2014, public social spending increased in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala but fell in Honduras and Panama. Overall per capita social spending levels prove low compared to other Latin ...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Discusses Central America’s coverage and targeting for education, health care, and social protection and labor. Overall educational systems’ structure proves similar across countries, with six years of formal primary schooling, three years of lower secondary, and three years...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Presents policy recommendations for education, health, and social protection and labor derived from the expenditure and institutional analysis in Central America, including country-level. Substantial room exists to improve the efficiency of education spending, especially by ...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Discusses Central America’s public spending effectiveness and efficiency in education, health, and social protection and labor services and then considers cost-effectiveness by relating spending to outcomes. Returns to education have fallen for several possible reasons, incl...
作者:Pablo A. Acosta , Rita Almeida , Thomas Gindling ...
来源:[B].The World Bank2017世界银行集团
摘要:Provides an overview of the discussion on public social spending in Central America from 2007 to 2014, as well as a summary of the study’s main findings and recommendations, which focus on six countries in the subregion—Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua...

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